Autism is a collection of pervasive developmental disorders ranging from mild to severe, with early onset before the age of 3 years and lasting development.
The general manifestations of autism include defects in 3 areas: poor social interaction, poor communication, and abnormal behavior. In addition, children often have sensory disturbances. Many children with autism are accompanied by hyperactivity and poor intelligence.
Childhood autism is thought to be a brain disease because of neurodevelopmental disorders (eg, changes in cerebellar, frontal, and temporal lobes, reticular activation deficiency, and biochemical abnormalities) neurological) due to abnormal genes. However, these issues are still hypothetical.
The rate of diagnosis of children with autism in recent years tends to increase with the frequency of 1/100 children, of which typical autism accounts for 16.8%. Boys are affected 4 to 6 times more often than girls.
Let’s find out what causes autism in kids in this article!
What causes Autism in kids?
Although scientists have not yet found the cause of autism in children, there are some assumptions that children with autism may be due to:
- Heredity: the unbalanced development of the brain caused by certain genes causes brain damage
- During pregnancy, mothers are regularly exposed to many toxic substances such as tobacco, alcohol, and drugs, increasing the risk of autistic children after birth.
- Unfavorable environmental factors that increase the risk of autism such as toxic chemicals, environmental pollution, and family neglect of education, and care.
Symptoms of Autism in Children
Parents often notice signs of autism in their child’s first two years of life. These signs usually develop gradually, although some children with autism still reach the developmental milestone at a normal rate and then gradually decline.
Symptoms of autism include:
Lack of social interaction skills: is the basic problem of autism such as children can’t point, make little eye contact, make little gestures, don’t follow instructions, play alone, and don’t share. do as you like, don’t show off, and don’t pay attention to the attitudes and feelings of others. Some children do not know anyone, and no matter where they go, they do not pay attention to the change in the environment, but there are children who are very afraid of strangers, afraid of strange places. Children are often attached and pay more attention to objects than to people around them.
Language abnormalities: slow to speak, or was able to speak but then did not speak, pronounce nonsense, teach not to speak. If the child can speak, he will say parody, ad parody, and only speak when asking for food, or asking to go. Passive language, do not know how to ask questions or ask many times the same question.
Do not know how to respond to conversations, do not know how to tell what you have witnessed. Unusual voices such as slurred speech, lack of expression, rapid speech, slurred speech, very loud speech, etc. Children do not know how to play social imaginary play and do not know the game has rules. Speech delay is the main reason for parents to take their children to the doctor because it is the most obvious sign.
Behavioral abnormalities, habits, and narrowing preferences: patterned behaviors such as walking on tiptoes, spinning around, looking at hands, side glances, swaying, hopping, running around, and jumping. Common stereotyped habits are: going back and forth in the right way, sitting in the right place, lying in the right position, liking to wear the right clothes, and always doing one thing in a sequence.
Narrow interests such as prolonged monotonous gameplay, many hours of watching television commercials, videotapes, telephones, spinning wheels, and looking at or holding something like a pen, stick, toothpick, paper, and toys of different colors. Many abused children cry out if they are not satisfied because they cannot speak and because they lack control. More than 70% of children with autism show signs of hyperactivity and do not respond to danger.
Many children have sensory disorders due to oversensitive nerves such as fear of loud noises, so they scream or cover their ears, cover their eyes or hide in corners due to fear of light, fear of certain tastes, hearing, and hearing with sounds Ads should run in quickly to listen, afraid of cutting hair, afraid of washing hair, don’t like people touching people, eat not chew and picky eaters. In contrast, less sensitive children have manifestations such as: liking to touch things, liking to be held tightly, reducing pain, knocking or throwing things that make noise, see moving or glowing objects.
Some children have special abilities such as remembering phone numbers, remembering cars, remembering the location of objects or places, playing computer games very well, memorizing many songs, reading numbers very early, doing quick addition and mental arithmetic, and imitating fast movements so it’s easy to mistake children for being too smart.
When children grow up, they often go to school late, rarely integrate with friends, have difficulty in communicating language, do not understand figurative meanings of words, and have difficulties in learning, especially in social subjects. Shaping behavior or narrowing preferences can vary from one thing to another. Many children are hyperactive while others are withdrawn.
Signs of children at risk of autism
Risk factors for worsening autism:
- Families spend little time teaching children
- Letting children watch too much TV
- Not allowing children to interact and play with other children
5 signs indicating the risk of autism in children are:
- At 12 months, the baby does not babble
- At 12 months, the baby still does not know how to point fingers or does not have appropriate communication gestures
- When your baby is 16 months old, he hasn’t said a single word yet
- By 24 months, the child cannot speak a 2-word sentence or speak clearly
- Children who have lost language or social skills at any age
Ways to cure autism
If children with mild autism are examined, detected, and intervened early, the child’s development can still take place relatively normally, the child can integrate into the social community. In more severe cases, interventions and care at this time can only help the child to improve somewhat to know how to communicate better.
Treating autism with special care:
– Children with autism need love and care from parents and relatives. Don’t feel guilty, don’t be subjective, don’t abandon children, and don’t let anyone discriminate against them. Parents, please call for the help of everyone around, always be with your children and spend time teaching them.
– Autism, whether mild or severe, is also a combination of syndromes, cognitive impairment, social interaction, language as well as communication ability, so treatment requires a long, patient process. With perseverance, persistence, and close cooperation of parents, families, teachers, and the community can bring good results, not just using drugs to treat other diseases.
– Parents need to monitor their child’s autism carefully, talk to their doctor, psychologist, and kindergarten teacher, and strictly follow the advice and therapy guidelines on the care and treatment of children. young education.
Autism has been a growing concern that needs to be dealt with, parents should spend time interacting more with their kids in terms of emotions and personal development. Furthermore, kids should be allowed to play with friends so that they can improve their social interaction and become more social.
Top News hopes this article can help you learn more about what causes autism in kids and know how to prevent autism effectively!
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