What are the sexually transmitted diseases?

What are the sexually transmitted diseases?

Sexually transmitted diseases can be transmitted through any form of sexual contact including oral or anal sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are often difficult to treat and have long-lasting consequences. Even if not treated properly, the disease can recur over and over again or turn into a chronic stage. Sexually transmitted diseases can happen to anyone, regardless of age or sex. In particular, men and women of reproductive age are the groups at the highest risk of infection. So what are the sexually transmitted diseases?

Here are sexually transmitted diseases with the highest prevalence today you need to pay attention to:


Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. In the early stages of gonorrhea, there are almost no specific symptoms, so it is difficult to recognize. When the disease has progressed, it can cause symptoms such as painful urination, pus discharge from the penis, swelling, and pain in the testicles.

In women, gonorrhea often has no typical symptoms, so it is easy to be confused with a common vaginal infection. Therefore, if you see an abnormal increase in vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding between periods, frequent urination, etc., you need to pay attention because this can be a warning symptom of gonorrhea.


The scientific name of the bacterium Treponema pallidum is Treponema pallidum. If not detected and treated early, syphilis can go through 3 stages and 1 latent stage.

After 10 to 90 days from exposure to the pathogen, the patient’s body will appear painless sores called syphilis. Syphilis chancre can disappear on its own after 3-6 weeks without treatment, so the patient is easy to ignore. Syphilis can cause many dangerous complications, and damage many organs in the body such as joints, skin, kidneys, brain, ears, and eyes even life-threatening.

Vaginal Inflammatory Disease

Common causes are Bacteria, Trichomonas, and candida.

Vaginitis caused by trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases today. Trichomonas is a parasite that can survive in many different environments and is very contagious. Women with vaginitis will appear symptoms such as excessive discharge, unusual odor, and discharge mixed with air bubbles, and green, gray, or yellow-green. There may be itching in the vagina. In addition, internal examination shows that the vaginal wall surface is easily red, swollen, and edematous.

Bacterial vaginosis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases today. It is possible to be infected with one type of bacteria, or many types of bacteria at the same time. Females with vaginitis will appear symptoms such as a lot of discharge, an unusual odor, and a cloudy yellow or gray discharge. In addition, internal examination shows that the vaginal wall surface is easily red, swollen, and edematous.

Candida vaginitis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases today. Females with candida vaginitis will have symptoms such as white, lumpy, whey-like discharge and vaginal itching. In addition, on internal examination, the vaginal wall surface is easily reddened and swollen, and there is a whey-like discharge in the vaginal wall.

HIV disease

HIV is the disease of the century and also one of the most dangerous sexually transmitted diseases today. HIV virus causes immunodeficiency of the body and can be transmitted through many different ways such as sexual intercourse, blood transfusion, and mother-to-child transmission.

Only a small number of people infected with HIV develop flu-like symptoms that last 2 to 4 weeks. Therefore, patients often do not know they have HIV if they do not take the initiative to get tested.

Genital Herpes

Like many other STIs, genital herpes can be contagious even if it doesn’t cause symptoms. Therefore, if you see blisters on the body, especially around the genitals, anus, low fever, or swollen lymph nodes, you need to pay close attention.


Cervicitis caused by C. Trachomatis infection is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease. When infected, women may show symptoms such as excessive discharge, and abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially after sex.

Genital warts

This is a very common sexually transmitted disease caused by the HPV virus. Genital warts can be transmitted through sexual contact, from mother to child, through blood, or through direct contact with an open wound.

When infected with genital warts, the patient will appear rough, pale pink spots in many locations such as male and female genital organs, cervix, urinary opening, perineum, anus, eyes, nose, and mouth. Pregnant women infected with genital warts can spread to their babies and affect the reproductive process.

Hepatitis B virus

It is also one of the sexually transmitted diseases. In addition, hepatitis B is also transmitted through blood and from mother to child. The disease may cause no significant symptoms, but it can be life- and health-threatening.

Therefore, if you see unusual symptoms such as yellow skin, yellow eyes, dark urine, fever, fatigue, nausea, and loss of appetite, you should see a doctor soon for treatment. right way.


The disease is caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. The disease is quite silent, so it is difficult to recognize. Women can detect the disease through symptoms such as abnormal discharge, frequent urination, abdominal pain, back pain, nausea, vomiting, pain during sex, and bleeding after sex.

Chlamydia if not treated early can cause infertility in women and many other dangerous complications.

Final thought

These diseases are very harmful to our health, you should pay extra attention when it comes to STD diseases so that you can protect yourself from them safely and healthily.

Top News hopes this article can help you learn more about what are the sexually transmitted diseases and wishes you always stay healthy and safe.

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