Top 5 smartest dog breeds

top 5 smartest dog breeds

Dogs are known to be loyal friends and companions to you and your family. In many cases, they can even become nannies because they are very intelligent and cool. Many dogs are known to be intelligent, they seem to be able to understand our words, commands, and actions.

In fact, there is no shortage of cases of smart, alert dogs that save their owners from dangers lurking in front of their eyes. Here is information about the Top 5 smartest dog breeds in the world:


1. Border Collie

When it comes to the smartest dog breed, the Border Collie ranks first. This famous breed of sheepdog can herd and herd large flocks of sheep without any guidance. Even an adult can hardly herd and control sheep as well as them.

The Border Collie is very intelligent and at the same time as cute and innocent as any other dog, you know. So more and more people like to keep Collie in the house to have more fun in life.

The Origin of the Border Collie

The Border Collie is also known as the Border Collie Shepherd. Because they were originally raised with the main purpose of raising sheep and other cattle on the green grasslands. The Border Collie is one of three branches of the Collie family. This dog breed originates from Scotland, a land adjacent to the United Kingdom.

Today Border Collies are raised in many countries in Europe such as the US, Canada and even Asia. Including Vietnam. At the present time, Border Collie dogs are raised for the main purpose of making scenes and performing circuses.

Features of Border Collie

Border Collies often give people a feeling of warmth and are extremely friendly. This comes from the very features on the body of the lovely breed. Here are the distinguishing features of the sheepdog’s appearance:

Border Collie size and weight

When growing to adulthood, Border Collie dogs usually range in height between 46 and 56cm. The average height of male dogs is 54 cm and of female dogs is 52 cm.

In terms of weight, the Shepherd breed can grow up to 35kg in weight over its lifetime. Based on the physical index that can be seen, the weight and height ratio of the Border Collie Shepherd is quite balanced.

Border Collie’s head and face

The Border Collie dog’s head looks quite neat due to its relatively small texture. Meanwhile, the dog’s face possesses sharp five senses that look extremely smart. Especially when Border Collie dog eyes have the sharpness and intense gaze. It was that powerful gaze that made the sheep hypnotized and become more docile.

Border Collie dog coat

Compared to Pitbull dogs, Border Collie dog hair is much longer and thicker. The long coat provides a high heating effect for the body when the weather turns cold. At the same time, it has good insulation ability in case the climate becomes too hot.

Talking about dog coat color, the sheepdog breed possesses quite a variety of coat colors. But the most common color is white – black or white – blue, white – red depending on the child.

Border Collie dog body

Although not possessing a toned body like regular hunting dogs. But in return, the Border Collie sheepdog has a well-proportioned body. The dog’s chest looks quite full while the waist is quite slim. This gives the dog a beauty that is both strong and soft.

Border Collie paws

Sheepdogs usually do not have muscular legs. But their long legs are very strong even though they look quite slim on the outside. A special feature of the Border Collie’s legs is that this part often has a hypotenuse. But the myth is often removed because it interferes with the animal’s life process.

Border Collie Dog Personality

Talking about the Border Collie dog personality, intelligence is the most outstanding trait of the Scottish breed. Thanks to possessing a quick brain, pets learn very quickly all the exercises given to them by their owners. So you do not need to spend a lot of time training Border Collie dogs like other common breeds.

But the great thing is that the Sheepdog is quite friendly and gets along well with people. They are usually very obedient and always want to be praised for a job well done. In particular, Border Collie dogs love children very much. But you need to be aware that with their chasing nature, they can be dangerous for children.

In terms of endurance, the breed is also highly rated. They can exercise all day without feeling tired. They tend to always seek high-pressure work due to their limitless stamina. That’s why sheepdogs always have enough ingenuity and flexibility to serve circus performances.

Border Collie dog classification

Up to the present time, in the world, there are 4 different types of Border Collie dogs. These include Border Collie dogs going to dog shows, purebred Border Collies specializing in housework and participating in sports games. The other two breeds are the non-selectively bred Border Collie and the non-pure Border Collie.

Purebred Border Collie goes to the dog show

This is a dog breed that is bred between parent dogs imported directly from abroad. But due to different weather and climate conditions, the Border Collie dog show dog breed does not have the same appearance as its parents. So they have relative beauty and are not so outstanding as puppies born and raised abroad.

Purebred Border Collie

A breed of a dog born to purebred Border Collie parents. The puppies will then inherit first-class intelligence from their parents. Superior intelligence helps purebred dogs to be able to do housework and participate in sports activities.

Border Collie is not purebred

The Border Collie is a selective breeder created for more economic purposes. Breeders at this time are not interested in the quality of life of the F2 puppies, they are only interested in the number of puppies obtained after the breeding process. Therefore, the quality of puppies can only be judged after they have matured.

The Border Collie is not purebred, also known as a hybrid dog. Hybrid dogs are created from parents who are not the same Border Collie. Therefore, the puppy will not have the characteristics of the purebred sheepdog’s appearance and personality. Of course, they don’t have a very high IQ. But in return, the price of non-bred sheepdogs is usually cheaper than purebred dogs.

How to raise a Border Collie

Border Collie dogs often have very active personalities. Therefore, dog owners need to understand their pets and create ideal living conditions for them. You also need to maintain hygiene and provide food suitable for the dog’s digestive system. Detail:

About living environment

Unlike bulldogs that are very inactive, shepherd dogs are very active, so they need a large green space to live freely. So the first thing you need to do is give your pet a large enough living space. It must be a cool, ventilated place with good hygiene to ensure the highest health for the sheepdogs.

What do Border Collies eat?

One thing that makes dog owners very interested in the Border Collie is that the pet is not picky like western dogs. They can eat anything that their owner brings and eat deliciously. So you can feed your Border Collie with meat, fish, eggs, vegetables and many different dishes. But limit the use of foods that are too sweet or too hot because they can damage the enamel of your pet’s teeth.

Normally, a Border Collie shepherd dog weighing about 15kg needs to consume about 500g of food in a day. But for adult dogs with a larger weight, the amount of food can now be twice as high as usual. In general, the amount of food a Border Collie needs to eat will correspond to 3.5% of their body weight.

How to take care of a Border Collie

Because the Border Collie has a rather long and dense coat, people need to regularly bathe their pets at home. While dog breeds usually need to be bathed once a week, Border Collies need to be cleaned as often as twice a week.

It’s also important that after bathing your dog, clean or dry the coat immediately. If you don’t want the thick coat to become messy, use a specialized comb to brush the dog’s coat. Then you should brush the hair from top to bottom gently so that the pet does not get hurt leading to resistance.

In the process of training sheepdogs, you need to apply exercises that range from easy to difficult. Be patient with the pet dog and do not apply too harsh punishments. Instead, people should spend more time playing with their pets to strengthen the relationship between the pet and the owner.

2. Poodle is in the top 5 smartest dog breeds

A poodle is known to many people as the shape of a small and extremely cute dog. But few people know that behind that appearance is a brain with the top intelligence in the world. Since ancient times, the Poodle has been used by the Germans to hunt poultry, especially mallards.

They are so intelligent that, during the war, the army used training to serve the mission of transmitting information on the battlefield. In sports or circus, the Poodle is also the number 1 choice because of its superior intelligence compared to most other dog breeds.

Origin of the Poodle

The Poodle is also known as a duck-hunting dog. The Poodle is also said to be descended from 3 breeds Hungarian Water, French Water Dog and Barbet.

It is known that the Poodle dog appeared at least 400 years ago in Western European countries. However, the exact origin of this dog is still a matter of controversy. It is still not clear whether the Poodle is of French, German, or Danish origin. Just know that the French has discovered the intelligent nature of the Poodle. Then train them to become professional circus performers.

The name “Poodle” may come from the German word “Pudel”. The reason people have such an inference is that in German “Pudel” also means wading dog. It is true that the Poodle’s coat is able to keep its body from sinking into the water.

In short, the Poodle is said to have appeared in Western European countries about 400 years ago. Then the French tamed them. That leads to the fact that people are used to calling Poodle “French poodle” which means French Poodle. However, whether their true origin comes from France or not is still a matter of controversy. Just know that today, the Poodle is one of the most loved dog breeds in the world.

General features of Poodle appearance

Poodles currently have quite a few lines, but they still carry some common features in appearance. In particular, the curly coat is the main point that distinguishes the Poodle from other dog breeds the most. The body size of the Poodle belongs to the medium form. However, depending on the Poodle line, the body size varies slightly. For example, the Teacup Poodle line is only as small as a tea cup. While the Standard Poodle line can weigh up to 40kg.

The Poodle has ears close to the head, quite long with a smooth coat. The Poodle’s four legs are proportional to the body and the tail is always erect. At birth, the Poodle’s fur is trimmed to only ½ to make it easier for them to suckle. In addition, you will also easily notice that Poodle babies often have oval-shaped soles with slightly curved toes.

Besides, the buttocks of Poodle babies are usually round and small, not saggy like some other dog breeds. The thighs of these dogs are usually stocky. Poodle’s gait is always flexible like a super model dog. When they dance they look so cute.

Poodles have a lot of different coat colors. In particular, dogs with white skin will often have a silver collar. This is also one of the most popular coat colors on the Poodle. In addition, you can also easily see Poodles with black, chocolate, light yellow, reddish brown, gray fur, ..

Unlike other breeds, the coat will only grow to a certain length and then stop. But in Poodles, their fur is endlessly long. So if you have a Poodle, you need to regularly trim their coat. In particular, the Poodle almost does not molt according to the season. Therefore, you do not have to worry about the problem of dog hair filling the house.

The most popular types of Poodle dogs today

As mentioned above, there are quite a few types of Poodles available. Excluding the Pekingese or Japanese hybrid Poodles, there are currently 5 main types of Poodles. Includes Teacup Poodle, Tiny Poodle, Toy Poodle, Mini Poodle, and Standard Poodle.

Standard Poodle

This is the largest Poodle breed today. Their weight can reach 40kg, height up to 50cm. Usually, it will be very hard to come across a Standard Poodle. Because in Vietnam, small Poodles are still the most popular. People often raise Standard Poodle babies to train to participate in Show Dog competitions.

However, if your family owns a spacious campus, consider picking up a Standard Poodle. The thick, smooth fur with a chubby body looks extremely cute. My favorite is probably when I hug Standard Poodle babies, the soft, warm feeling is generally very “high”.

Teacup Poodle

In stark contrast to the Standard Poodle with a rather tall appearance, the Teacup Poodle has an extremely small body. The body size of this breed at baby is only about the size of a teacup. When grown up, Teacup Poodle babies are only under 15cm tall, weighing less than 2kg.

Like their small and fragile bodies, the life expectancy of Teacup Poodles is quite short (3 to 5 years). Moreover, Teacup Poodle does not have good resistance like other Poodle breeds. Therefore, when deciding to raise a Teacup Poodle, you will have to accept more difficulties when raising other breeds.

Miniature Poodle

The Miniature Poodle also belongs to the large dog category in the Poodle categories. But compared to Standard Poodle, they are still much smaller. The height of these dogs can reach 40cm but the most common is still from 25cm to 35cm. Average weight is 9kg.

Toy Poodle

Toy Poodle is the most raised Poodle line in Vietnam today. When grown up, Toy Poodle babies also only weigh from 4 to 6 kg, and the whole length reaches from 30 to 40 cm. With such a suitable body size, you will be comfortable hugging and cuddling.

On the other hand, Toy Poodle is also quite affordable compared to the large Poodle or Teacup Poodle lines. That’s why more and more people want to own a Toy Poodle.

Tiny Poodle

Tiny Poodle is not a purebred Poodle but has undergone crossbreeding with smaller breeds. Therefore, they only have a larger body size than each Teacup Poodle strain.

Each Tiny Poodle is only about 20 to 25cm tall and weighs from 2kg to 3.5kg. Looking at these babies, they are always small and cute like babies.

Poodle dog personality traits

Like most dog breeds, the Poodle is very loyal to its owner. If they know the teaching, the Poodles will learn and absorb it very quickly. You should remember, the French used to purebred this breed to serve the circus. Therefore, they can perform many difficult movements after only a few training sessions. Although quite active, but it is best to let Poodles be active with moderate intensity. Do not let the children run and jump too much, easily causing loss of strength.

Poodles are very intelligent but they are also irritable and like to bark a lot. When loved, cared for and pampered, the Poodles will be very friendly and enjoy not playing with their owners. But if you do not tolerate your Poodle’s exposure to the outside world, it will generally become shy. Even when staying in the house for too long, Poodle babies often bite things and bark loudly to get attention.

However, as long as you take care of the babies a little, everything will be fine again. But you should also pay attention not to spoil your baby too much when he plays, he has to go out and when he makes a mistake, he must be a little strict. You don’t have to use force, but simply pretend you don’t care. Just a little change in attitude is enough to help Poodles realize their mistakes.

Poodle looks a bit small, but when provoked, they will be ready to attack again. Because the nature of the Poodle is inherently very sensitive, when strangers tease too much, Poodle often does not take that much to teach that person a lesson.

Factors affecting the price of Poodle dogs

How much a Poodle dog costs depends on quite a few factors. Such as origin, purity, gender, coat color. Below are specific analyzes for you to understand better.

Poodle dog breed

As mentioned in part 3, there are 5 main types of Poodle dogs. Corresponding to that are 5 different prices. In particular, the Standard Poodle and Teacup Poodle lines are the most expensive. Next comes Miniature Poodle, Tiny Poodle and Toy Poodle are the cheapest.

Poodle dogs imported from Europe

Poodles imported from Europe are of extremely good quality. The baby’s appearance is beautiful from foot to head. Along with that is the high purity when they are all born from parents of clear origin. Of course, it also comes with a price that is not cheap at all. And usually, only people who belong to the professional dog breeder choose Poodles imported from Europe.

Poodle’s coat color

Poodle dogs have quite a lot of coat colors. For example, black, white, chocolate, light yellow, gray, etc. Corresponding to the color, there is a certain price difference. The most expensive is still the Poodle with gray fur. Coat colors such as chocolate, sepia, and creamy yellow will cost less. The lowest is the black Poodle because this coat color is the most common.

How to take care of a Poodle

The Poodle is not a very difficult dog to raise. However, if you want your baby to be healthy and free from common diseases, you need to pay special attention to nutrition. At the same time, it is necessary to prepare a suitable resting place for the Poodle.

Diet of Poodles

Poodle’s intestinal system is often not good, so they are picky eaters. At each stage of development, Poodle babies need appropriate nutrition.

Diet from 1 to 2 months old

Stage 1 to 2 is when the dog’s intestinal system is not really fully developed, still quite immature. At this time, you should give your dog soft foods such as porridge or soaked seeds. In addition, you should give your dog many small meals, about 4 to 5 meals a day. Finally, remember to give your dog extra warm milk or breast milk.

Diet for 3 to 6 months

This is the stage when the Poodle has a more complete digestive system than before. Therefore, you need to introduce your dog to a wider variety of foods. But still, remember that the food must still be soft, porridge is still the top priority. In addition, supplement your dog’s diet with nutritious foods such as pork, beef, and chicken.

Diet over 6 months old

Over 6 months old means that the Poodle’s body has entered the adult stage. So, every day you only need to feed your dog from 2 to 3 meals, but the amount of food each meal will be more than before. The diet for each meal should be full of groups of substances such as starch, fiber, protein, and vitamins. If possible, add foods rich in protein and calcium to help your dog’s bones become stronger.

If you want your Poodle’s coat to be shinier, you should feed your dog 2 to 3 more duck eggs every week. Remember, only 2 or 3 eggs because eating a lot of scrambled eggs is not good.

Some other notes when feeding Poodle dogs

When feeding your Poodle, in order for your dog to best absorb nutrients, you need to pay attention to the following points:

  • Need to prepare clean water, and should change the water 3 times a day for the dog.
  • Do not give Poodle too much milk.
  • Poodle food should not be too dry, but soft foods should be preferred.
  • Limit feeding your dog animal organs or other hot, spicy foods.
  • Need to feed the dog according to the schedule.
  • You need to clean the utensils used to feed the dog.

How to take care of the Poodle’s coat

The Poodle has a relatively thick and curly coat, so every day you should take care of the coat. With normal weather, Poodle needs to bathe at least once a week, when the weather turns cold, once every 2 weeks is fine.

Because the Poodle’s coat is quite thick when bathing the dog, use warm water to clean through the dirt. Then apply a pet-specific shower gel and gently massage the coat. Next, rinse the coat with warm water, and apply conditioner to make the hair softer. Finally, you just need to rinse the dog’s fur with clean water, wipe off the water and use a hair dryer.

Once the dog’s coat is dry, use a comb to remove the weak hair. To make the coat more smooth, you can apply more coconut oil. Note that after bathing, it is necessary to give the dog some warm water or hot milk to warm up.

Besides cleaning hair, do not forget to monitor the changes in parts such as ears, nose, eyes, and mouth to catch common diseases.

Poodle’s hair is usually long, so you need to trim the dog’s coat once every 2 months. Brush your hair every day to keep it from getting tangled. If you want to style the coat, you have to wait until the dog is over 1 year old. Because then the Poodle’s fur will develop completely.

3. Becgie

Becgie is the embodiment of guard dogs that are both brave and intelligent. Surely 8x, 9x will never forget the image of the dog Rex – making a legend in the early years of the 21st century. In fact, Becgie also directly appeared in the search and hunt for dangerous criminals. Quick feet, a good nose and a smart brain. These police dogs are admired all over the world.

It can be said that the Becgie dog is one of the largest and most majestic hunting dogs. The fierce but very loyal nature of this breed has made them a favorite of many people. In Vietnam, Becgie dogs are raised mainly for the purpose of keeping houses and as pets. If you also want to own a loyal keeper, immediately refer to the characteristics, personality, selection and breeding of purebred Becgie dogs.

Origin of Becgie dog

The Becgie is a famous breed of shepherd dog all over the world. At the end of the nineteenth century, the Becgie dog first appeared in the Federal Republic of Germany. The breeder of the Becgie dog is the Captain of the German Army – Max Von Stephanitz.

Initially, this breed was created solely for the purpose of herding cattle and making sled dogs. But since the Second World War, Becgie dogs have become popular all over the world and are widely bred as pets in the house. By the middle of the 20th century, the German Becgie was present in the United States and began to attract attention in Vietnam since 2005.

Characteristics of Becgie dogs

At the present time, the German Becgie dog has lost many characteristics similar to its original ancestors. But in general, purebred Becgie dogs still have many outstanding features that are easy to recognize. You can base on here to know how to recognize the hybrid and purebred Becgie dog.

The first is about the weight and height of the purebred Becgie dog. Usually an adult Becgie will weigh between 30 and 40kg. The height of the dog is in the range of 60 up to 65cm. Along with the outstanding body size, the Becgie dog’s body looks extremely large with toned muscles. But 4 dog legs are very long and somewhat slim.

If you let Becgie walk next to other dogs, you will notice that the pet’s neck is much higher. The upturned dog neck is combined with muscular chest muscles, highlighting the extremely proud beauty.

It is known that the upper body of the Becgie dog is covered with dark black, dark brown and jet black fur. In some special cases, the Becgie dog’s coat is pure white, dark orange and dark blue. Becgie dog coat has two layers. In which the innermost layer is short and thick, the outermost layer is long and coarse.

Going into the details of the Becgie dog’s face, they have a round head with a long square muzzle. The dog’s ears are erect and always lie parallel to each other. The Becgie dog’s eyes are quite large and are black or brownish-black in color.

Despite being a hunting dog with an aggressive nature towards enemies, Becgie dogs are extremely friendly, affectionate and close to people. They are also the dog breed ranked third in the world in terms of intelligence.

Becgie dog classification

Currently, Becgie dogs are classified based on the origin and purity of the breed. People often classify Becgie dogs as follows:

Classification of Becgie dogs by origin

– The German Becgie has a larger body compared to other Becgie breeds. They have all the characteristics of purebred dogs mentioned above.

– The Belgian Becgie is identified by its small head, narrow ears, long muzzle and straight back. Their body is only 2/3 the size of the German Becgie breed.

– The Russian Becgie has a darker gray coat than the German dog. The pet breed has an extremely muscular body with long legs, a small head and bat ears. But their straight back is slightly curved towards the tail.

Classification of Becgie dog solids based on purebred

– Purebred Becgie is a breed of dog whose parents are purebred German Becgie dogs. This breed inherits outstanding features in terms of the appearance and personality of its parents.

– The Becgie hybrid was bred from a purebred Becgie mother or father and another dog breed. The most popular are wolf-crossed Becgie dogs, Husky-hybrid Becgie dogs, Rottweiler-crossed Becgie dogs.

How to choose and raise Becgie dogs

If you want to have an intelligent, alert dog and possess an outstanding body, you need to know how to choose, buy, breed and raise a becgie dog properly. Here are some useful information you should not miss:

– How to choose a female Becgie dog: You should choose female dogs of reproductive age with strong limbs and a wide butt and wide waist. The bitch must have multiple breasts and the nipples should be symmetrical. Usually a female dog with 10 to 12 breasts is considered the best.

– How to choose male Becgie dogs: Prioritize choosing male dogs with tall bodies with toned muscles. The breed dog has a flexible, intelligent and especially good health to ensure the ability to breed for the owner.

– How to breed Becgie dogs: Breeders should choose the ideal time to breed. That’s when Becgie puppies enter puberty and are 12 months old or older. At this time, let’s let the male and female Becgie dogs come into close contact with each other and keep them in the same cage. Livestock will quickly mate and produce healthy F2 generations.

How to raise Becgie dog

When raising Becgie dogs at home, you need to pay special attention to the diet, hygiene regime and how to train the pet. Detail:

What do Becgie dogs eat?

Animal foods such as beef, pork and poultry. These are all foods that provide adequate fat, protein and iron content for pets to develop lean muscles and muscular bodies.

Foods of animal origin such as fresh vegetables, fruits and vegetables. This type of food contains a lot of vitamins and fiber, so it is very good for the digestive system.

The foods contain many minerals, including crabs, shrimps, fish, sea, clams, scallops, snails, etc. Foods that provide pets with extremely rich levels of zinc, potassium, sodium, magnesium and calcium.

Becgie’s habitat

A pet’s living environment has a great influence on a pet’s personality and development. Therefore, it is better for everyone to give their pets the ideal living space for them to have the highest comfort.

It is a place with spacious, clean and extremely airy space. The dog-rearing area ensures a dedicated area for pets to run, jump and participate in training exercises for themselves.

But if you don’t have the conditions, you can still raise a German dog in your own apartment. At this point, it’s important to get your dog active by taking them out for a run or playing inside the park. Only then can pets not become passive, timid and lose their inherent bravery.

How to clean Becgie dog’s coat

As we all know, the Becgie dog’s hair is quite long and dense, so it often falls out a lot. Therefore, owners need to brush their dog’s coat regularly to remove dead hairs. This also helps you stimulate the hair growth process for your pet.

It is also important that you regularly bathe your pet at home. If you have time, bathe your dog every day. If you don’t have time, you can bathe Becgie once a week. After bathing your dog, dry the coat to avoid skin diseases, fungal infections and scabies.

How to clean Becgie dog’s body

Regularly clean the toenails and use specialized pliers to trim the dog’s toenails. At the same time, you also need to carefully check the crevices between the toenails and ears to kill ticks, lice and parasites.

Not only cleaning the dog’s body, cleaning the living area of Becgie dogs is also very important. It’s better for everyone to clean the dog’s cage and wash the pet’s food tray and water tray. Thus, new types of bacteria and viruses do not have the opportunity to multiply and develop.

How to train Becgie dog

Train Becgie to follow the command to stand up, sit down and shake hands: Prepare the dog leash and bait dish → Hold the dog leash to keep the pet in place → Put the bait dish in front of them and then shout the command to stand up, sit down , shake hands → If they obey, give them some bait in the dish → Repeat about 20 times a day for 1 month.

Train Becgie dog to run durable with the owner: Please bring a leash around the dog’s neck → Bring a bait plate with you → Run parallel with the pet → About 50m, give Becgie dog a bite to eat so they run after you → Repeat endurance running every day for 30 days.

Train Becgie dog to pull weights: Please tie the weights to the zipper → Put the weight rope on the pet → Start moving the pet by running in front so that they chase behind → Maintain the exercise for 30 minutes. minutes/day and continuously for 30 days.

Train Becgie to sniff for objects: Prepare items to be hidden → Put some dog food on top → Let Becgie sniff objects → Bring items to hide so that they can’t be left see → Grab the dog’s leash and lead the pet to the hiding area so they can sniff it → Reward the pet when they find it.

4. Golden Retriever

Also a breed of Scottish origin like the Border Collie, the Golden is known as a hunting dog that is both intelligent and very responsive. You don’t let their cute and “furry” looks fool you. They have both a very sensitive nose, quick ears, the ability to perform tasks, absolute obedience, and extremely docile. Imagine how happy your house would be if there was such a wonderful Golden.

Origin of the Golden Retriever breed

The Golden Retriever is a breed of dog originating from Scotland, United Kingdom. Golden is the result of crossbreeding from many dog breeds including straight-haired Retrievers, Tweed Water Spaniels, Setters, and Spaniels. It is also thought that in Golden’s genes there is a mixture of Bloodhound and Newfoundland breeds.

After being successfully bred, the Golden Retriever dog was originally named Golden Flat-Coat. With an intelligent nature, Golden is often trained to become professional service dogs. They are also an effective hand for the indigenous people on hunting trips.

Today, the Golden Retriever is not only popular in the UK, but this breed is available all over the world. Goldens are extremely intelligent, so they are able to absorb training quickly. The Goldens participate in many dog show competitions every year. Many Golden children have won high prizes in prestigious competitions. Thanks to that, people love this intelligent and friendly dog even more.

How many types of Golden Retriever dogs are there?

After many years of breeding, Golden dogs were divided into 3 main lines. These are the traditional British Golden, American Golden and Canadian Golden. The reason for such a division is that the process of Golden living in these countries has given rise to some new characteristics.

Although keeping the basic features of the British Golden line, the American Golden and the Canadian Golden have a shaded coat color. Besides, the size of each Golden line is slightly different.

Golden Retriever UK

This is the standard Golden dog line in 3 popular Golden breeds in the world today. The Goldens from England have a relatively tall appearance with toned muscles. In which, the male Golden usually has a height of 55 to 60 cm. Golden female babies are a bit smaller when they are 51 to 56cm tall.

In addition, this Golden line also owns round eyes with black color. Their fur is always yellow or slightly cream-colored. The coat is quite long and thick. The skull size of the British Golden Dog is also wider than that of its American and Canadian cousins.

American Golden Retriever

The American Golden breed still has a toned body, slightly taller than the British Golden. Male dogs will be 58 to 61 cm tall, while female Goldens will be 53 to 56 cm tall. Wearing taller than the British Golden, but the American Golden is lighter, so they will look thinner than their British brothers.

The coat of the American Golden is slightly darker than that of the British Golden. Also known as fawn (shade color).

Canadian Golden Retriever

The Canadian Golden Retriever grew out of the American Golden line. These dogs are usually from 56 to 60cm tall for males, 50 to 55cm for females. The weight of the Golden Canadian is usually from 30 to 38kg. The difference between this Golden breed is that their coat is somewhat darker painted compared to the brothers coming to England and America. Therefore, Canadian Golden is not as appreciated as the other two Golden lines.

Appearance characteristics of purebred Golden dogs

Today, people have crossed the Golden with many other dog breeds to create the Golden hybrid dog line. But for the true dog lover, the purebred Golden Retriever is still the most valuable. Golden dogs are considered purebred when they have a balanced, strong body. The standard size when Golden matures with males and females will correspond to the:

  • Golden Retriever male: 58 to 61cm tall, weight from 29 to 34kg.
  • Golden Retriever female: Height from 55 to 57cm, weight from 28 to 32kg.

The skulls of Golden puppies are quite large. In particular, they possess extremely sensitive noses, capable of sniffing from a distance. Golden’s eyes are large and round, dark brown in color. When you look into their eyes, you will clearly see their intelligence and alertness. The muzzle of this breed is quite large with strong teeth.

The Golden Retriever dog breed has very long ears, the ears are always lowered to cover almost half of the face. Their necks are very large, their breasts are enlarged, and their muscles are toned. In particular, Golden’s tail is always straight, never bent, and the tail length usually reaches the elbow.

Golden dog’s coat is very long and soft. Feathers are composed of 2 layers. The inner coat is very smooth and short, and the outer coat is long and stiffer than the inner coat. Golden’s most popular coat color is still cream-yellow.

Characteristic characteristics of Golden Retriever

Golden is popularly raised in many countries around the world. In Vietnam, this is also the dog breed that many people love the most. Just seeing the Golden babies, you are immediately hypnotized by them. Not only because of their super cute appearance, but more importantly, their friendly and gentle personality.

Smart and clever

Many people also nickname the Golden puppies “Dumb” because of their somewhat stupid faces. But don’t think they’re stupid. On the contrary, Golden is an extremely intelligent dog breed. Golden puppies are ranked 4th in the list of the most intelligent dog breeds in the world. They are just behind the Border Collie, Poodle and German Shepherd in this list.

You will clearly see the intelligent nature of Golden when training the dog. Golden puppies have the ability to receive and execute their owners’ commands very quickly. Just need you to guide it through 1 or 2 times, and the dog knows what to do. Sometimes the dog even acts a little sly when he intentionally does something wrong, but he always knows what he has to do. With every change of sadness and happiness on the owner’s face, Golden can clearly feel it.

Really if you have ever raised Golden, you definitely never want to leave them. Golden is especially smart and obedient when the dog is over 1 year old. It feels like the dog seems to understand all the thoughts of the owner.

When you are tired, your dog will come to you and comfort you with cute actions such as snuggling in your lap and making smiley faces. Once the dog has made a smiley face, all your fatigue seems to naturally disappear. Netizens often have a saying “lovers may not have but dogs must have one” for that reason.


Golden is a very gentle and obedient dog. And honestly, just by seeing Golden’s face, you already know how good they are. Puppies are not as destructive as other hyperactive dog breeds. Golden’s intelligence and sophistication always help dogs know what to do. If properly trained from a young age, Golden children will be like obedient children, ready to do anything you ask.

Golden is not the uncle who always likes eternal faucets. Dogs like to simply ask for compliments and pats from their owners. Just that the dog has been happy all day. So when your dog does something well, show him praise with small actions. This way the dog will be motivated to continue to do well.

Have the ability to control emotions

Some of the other hunting dogs still have a bit of a wild side in them, they sometimes can’t express their emotions. But with Golden dog, it is the complete opposite of his intelligence, Golden always knows what to do. Even though they are not satisfied with the owner, the children do not react when they are stubborn and stubborn. When the owner gives an order, the dog is still willing to follow.

Loyal and very affectionate

Golden is inherently very friendly with strangers, but that does not mean that everyone considers everyone an owner. Dogs can be close to strangers and especially children. But in my mind, the dog still knows who is his real owner. Dogs are only ready to execute commands when ordered by their owners.

Perhaps few people know that Golden is a dog that is afraid of being alone. Dogs always tend to want to be with their owners and friends. Golden can live in tight spaces as long as it always receives attention from its owner. So if you intend to raise Golden but keep the dog in a separate area, you should think again. Because doing this is like making a child sleep in the yard overnight. Imagine how lonely they would be. With Golden puppies too, dogs are afraid to be alone even if the place is full of food or toys.

Amazing kids’ companion

You will be hard pressed to find a dog breed that loves children as much as Golden puppies. When playing with “little lotus”, the dog always shows patience no matter how much it is teased. Dogs always show patience to all the children’s pranks. It is because of this friendly nature that in Western countries, people often raise Golden to look after the children. Golden will definitely be a great 4-legged nanny to support your baby care work.

Of course, to minimize the risk, you still need to supervise when letting your dog play with children. But that’s just in case dogs are too friendly with babies. But in fact, there have not been any recorded cases with children caused by Golden. Moreover, letting children play with Golden puppies also helps to develop children’s personalities comprehensively. In many hospitals in the US, people also raise Golden to support psychotherapy for children with autism. Then we can see that the “Dumb” face dogs are exactly the true friends of children.

Ideal living conditions of Golden dogs

Golden dogs have the ability to adapt to many different living environments, from narrow apartments to spaces with spacious gardens. But if possible, keep your dog in a place with a large garden so that the dog can play comfortably every day.

If you have a dog in an apartment, you should take your dog for a walk every day in the early morning or in the evening. Although Golden puppies are not as demanding to release energy as sled dogs (Husky, Alaskan or Samoyed). But in order for the dog’s body to develop to the fullest, you should still let the dog be active in the outside environment more often instead of keeping the dog indoors.

What does Golden Retriever eat?

In order for Golden puppies to grow healthy, you need to pay attention to providing your dog with a rich source of nutrients. Give priority to meat, fish, and milk in your dog’s daily diet.

Types of meat

Meats are high in protein. In addition, there are minerals and fats. What role do they play in helping dogs develop comprehensively the muscles and joints? So, if possible, add meat to your dog’s diet every day. However, you should not give your dog too much fatty meat, but lean meat is better instead.


Fish is rich in vitamins, fats, and proteins. And especially the omega 3 content is very good for the dog’s eyes. At the same time, when eating fish regularly, the dog’s coat is much smoother.


Just like humans, Golden loves to drink milk. Milk contains many nutrients that are very good for the overall development of dogs. When your puppy is between 2 and 4 months old, give him milk every day.


Besides meat, fish and milk, indispensable in Golden’s daily meals are vegetables. This is a safe source of dietary fiber and vitamins. Moreover, vitamins and fiber are essential for the digestive system of every dog.

How to raise Golden Retriever

Raising Golden, in addition to feeding the dog full of nutrients, you need to take care of the dog’s coat very carefully. At the same time, train Golden puppies from a young age.

Train Golden to go to the toilet in the right place

When they were young, Golden puppies often went to the toilet indiscriminately. So if you want your house to be always clean, you need to train your dog to go to the toilet in the right place.

Initially, spread old newspapers on the floor of the house in the area where the dog frequents. The purpose of this is so that the dog will defecate on those newspapers. Next, collect the newspaper with the dog’s feces and urine to put in the place where you want the dog to go to the toilet. Goldens often have a habit of defecating in places where their urine smells. So the next time, the dog will form a habit of going to the toilet in the right place according to your direction.

Train Golden to sleep in the right place

Golden puppies, if not taught from a young age, are very good at sleeping. So you need to start training your dog to sleep in the right place. You should arrange many toys in the place where the dog sleeps to create excitement for the dog. On the other hand, when the dog is done playing, you need to guide the dog to clean up. Golden is very smart so they almost understand what you instruct.

Golden loves to gnaw around objects, this is a very difficult habit to break of this breed. Therefore, prepare a few rubber toys for your dog to chew on when he is upset.

Hair care for Golden

The Golden Dog has a very long and thick coat. If you want your dog’s coat to always be smooth, you need to pay attention to coat care. Golden is inherently very mischievous, so dogs often make their costumes dirty and bacteria. If you don’t pay attention, the dog’s hair will be sticky.

Every day, use a specialized comb to brush your dog’s hair. You should bathe your dog 1 to 2 times a week. It is not necessary to shower with water, you can use dry bath powder. If you take a water bath, then after the bath, dry the dog’s fur.

Golden Retriever training

Golden is a very intelligent dog, but not because of that, when the owner is ignored the training stage. When your dog is about 2 to 3 months old, it is the best time to teach him some basic training. For example, go to the toilet in the right place, and sleep in the right place.

Doberman Pinscher

The Doberman is another famous German intelligent dog. They are known to be very intelligent dogs, extremely sensitive but with half an aggressive personality. Doberman was voted #1 in the top 10 best housekeeping dog breeds because they are brave and not afraid of anything.

Doberman’s Origins

More than 200 years ago, around the end of the 19th century, in the town of Apolda, in the Thuringia district, Germany lived a man named Dobermann. He worked as a tax collector. Due to the nature of his job, he often had to move back and forth between different lands with the tax proceeds.

At a time of chaos and robbery, Dobermann’s job is really dangerous. Aggressive bandits in the area could attack him at any time. Making his life always in the position of “thousands of pounds hanging hair”.

Therefore, Dobermann decided to raise many different types of hunting dogs. Every time he went to work, he often brought a dog with him both as a companion and to protect against lurking dangers. However, at that time there was hardly any dog breed that possessed the qualities that Dobermann wanted.

When did the Doberman appear?

In the late 1800s (many records dating back to 1876), Dobermann began his own research to develop an “ideal” guard dog: intelligence, loyalty, courage, and a good nose. sensitivity, good health, endurance, most importantly, the ability to protect and attack the enemy is high.

The first generation dog was born in 1890. Louis Dobermann did not record the method and rate applied when breeding new dogs. Therefore, to this day, the true origin of Doberman remains a mystery. No one knows for sure what breeds of dogs contributed to the Doberman dog of today. All of that was buried in 1894 when he died.

However, many experts today agree that the Doberman may be descended from at least four of the following breeds:

German Pinscher, Rottweiler, Manchester Terriers, German Short-Haired Pointer and even Great Dane genes, German Shepherd, Shorthaired Pointer, Beauceron or Weimaraner also have flowed in Doberman’s blood.

Doberman’s physical features

Body shape

The Doberman is a very strong dog. Their bodies are solid and muscular but not heavy. On the contrary, it is somewhat agile. Their bodies are more developed forward. The chest and sternum are well-developed, and the muscles in the neck are well-developed. Dogs have powerful strides, pouncing, and neat hindquarters, helping to move faster.

First part

The head is relatively long, the muzzle is wide, the nostrils are large, and the teeth are sharp and strong.


Quite large, tapered apex. The original ears are actually drooping. To make Doberman’s ears more upright, when dogs reach 7-10 weeks or at least 6 months – 1-year-old, people often perform surgery to trim their ears.

In this minor surgery, the veterinarian removes part of the outer edge of the ear, then stitches and glues the cut on the head. During the procedure, the dog’s ears are rolled to keep them upright. After about 10 days, this wound will heal.

However, not all Dobermans have their ears trimmed. This depends on their owners. Many people are not very supportive of cutting Doberman’s ears because it can cause pain to the animal.

However, comparisons between Doberman with natural ears and Doberman with ears removed are still rare. It is believed that: Dobermans who have their ears cut can avoid ear infections and many other diseases.


If you think that the Doberman is a born bob-tailed dog, you are wrong. In fact, when born, the Doberman’s tail is longer than other breeds. However, people will remove the joints, and cut off the tail a few days after the puppy is born.

The reason Dobermans with short tails are popular is because Mr. Louis Dobermann wanted them to look fiercer, just as he imagined.

In addition, due to the task of being a police dog specializing in catching robbers, during the struggle, the long tail becomes a weak point. That is where the bad guy easily grabs and harms the animal. Another reason is that Doberman’s tail is very easy to break if hit hard. When broken, it takes a long time to heal and causes a lot of pain, so it is often amputated.

Similar to ears, if you want to keep the tail intact, you need to ask the seller first. Because they will cut the tail quite soon to avoid serious damage.


The Doberman has a short, shiny coat that is tight to the skin. The most common is black or black gold. However, there are also red-brown or blue-gray Dobermans. Some birds have patches of “rusty” yellow-brown hair on the eyes, bridge of the nose, under the neck, the tip of the chest, or around the four legs and feet. These colors come from two different genes that interact to produce four-color phenotypes.

In the 1970s, the white Doberman was born. People pass on coat color to their descendants by crossing over many generations. However, this coat color is not recognized because it is a manifestation of albinism – a type of genetic mutation. Genotyping of white Dobermans affects the animal’s health and disease resistance.

Not only that, raising an albino Doberman dog needs to be very attentive, to avoid exposing the dog to the sun. As a result, many people call for a halt to genetic selection and trade. Many countries have enacted laws prohibiting crossbreeding but allowing breeding if breeding results in an individual with this coat color.

Height Weight

Doberman is medium in size. Males are 65-70 cm tall from foot to shoulder. The smaller female is 61-66cm tall. Adult weight from 27 to 36 kg. Nowadays, people prefer lean and slim Doberman. However, the big and strong Dobermans are still chosen by some people.


A Doberman can live 10 to 12 years.

Doberman dog personality


True to its original purpose, the Doberman is a loyal dog. Usually, they only consider the person closest to them to take care of them, to obey and protect them wholeheartedly.


When ordered, the Doberman will become belligerent and aggressive. They attack the target to the end to protect the owner. The fearless, fearless personality makes many people shiver and sweat when they face it.

Also because of the ferocity, some countries have issued a ban on raising Doberman.


Although it can scare outsiders, it is because the Doberman is obedient, loyal and wants to protect his master. They are sensitive, passionate, and incredibly resilient. Unlike Rottweiler or Pitbull dogs, it is rare to see them automatically attack people when there is no signal.


Indeed, in terms of intelligence and obedience, the Doberman is holding a very high position. The Doberman lineage has been repeatedly “excellent valedictorian” in professional training courses. They also regularly win championships in competitions.

Doberman learns and absorbs extremely quickly. If you choose the leader dog (Alpha), they will definitely be recommended first. Doberman dogs are suitable as domestic dogs, guard dogs, military dogs, rescue dogs and even therapy dogs. If taught properly, they can blend in with life and other animals.

What do Doberman dogs eat?

Doberman dog nutritional needs

Dobermans are usually more active, requiring more calories than other species. An adult large dog weighing 80lbs (about 36kg) – consumes 2100 calories per day.

This energy needs to be distributed into 2-3 meals a day to avoid overwork of the stomach. In addition to the above basic needs, you also need to consider the individual needs of each dog, choose food according to: age, nutritional ratio (protein, carbohydrates, fat) and health, disease (if any).

There are 3 age groups to consider when choosing food for Doberman: Puppies, small dogs and adult dogs.

Doberman puppy food requires the most calories because this is the age when dogs grow very quickly, they are active and expend energy continuously. However, if overfed, they can overgrow – putting pressure on joints and bones. It is recommended to feed the dog “flush” until it reaches 80% of its adult size.

Adult Doberman food needs to contain quality protein, essential fatty acids and a moderate level of calories to maintain an active lifestyle.

Protein makes up the dog’s muscles, bones, nervous system, immune system, and brain. Animal protein contains essential amino acids that help dogs grow and stay healthy.

However, an excess of protein can cause Dobermans to suffer from kidney diseases. These problems can be hereditary. You should consult your veterinarian if your dog is experiencing kidney problems. Because protein reduction for a dog with kidney disease can last a lifetime.

Fat is also an integral part of protein. Fats and oils help maintain the function of the nervous system, skin, hair, joints and organs, and encourage vitamin absorption. The Doberman gets its characteristic shiny coat thanks to its fat. Without them, the dog’s coat will be dull and flaky.

Add chicken fat, lard, fish oil or flaxseed oil to your Doberman’s diet to increase fat absorption.

You can also supplement with omega 3 fish oil or olive oil. However, keep in mind that oils and fats are calorie-dense, so use caution to avoid obesity.

Good sources of fatty acids: Chicken fat, lard, olive oil, flaxseed oil, fish oil.

To avoid: Animal fat, poultry fat, vegetable oil, lard.

However, the Protein and Fat percentages should also match:

  • Puppies: Protein 22-32%; Fat 10-25%
  • Adult dogs: Protein 15-30%; Fat 10-20%
  • Show dogs: Protein 22-32%, Fat 15-40%
  • Racing dogs: Protein 28-34%; Fat > 50%
  • Lactating dog: Protein 25-35%; Fat >= 20%

How to raise a Doberman dog

Health is the most important. To take good care of Doberman you need to make sure they do not have serious health problems. Take your dog to the veterinary station for vaccinations as well as check up for common diseases.

Many Dobermans have died because they have not been vaccinated against parvovirus. When buying or raising a dog, you need to pay attention to give them vaccinations when they reach 6 weeks of age and continue to go to the doctor and vaccinate every four weeks until the dog reaches 16 to 20 weeks of age.

In addition, physical examination and monitoring helps to assess the normal development of Doberman. In addition to viral illness, dogs can sometimes develop hesitancy syndrome – a malformation of the cervical vertebrae, or cardiomyopathy – that causes the heart to swell. Those are two typical diseases that need to be treated as soon as possible.

Learn nutrition and how to feed Doberman

For a healthy Doberman Pinscher, nutrition is an indispensable factor. You need to prepare a calorie-rich menu for your dog to have enough energy to work. Should choose high-quality foods, rich in protein, fat, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins.

In addition to packaged food, you can give Doberman more fresh food such as meat, eggs. Limit the use of dry food containing soy because it is easy for them to cause stomach bloating, which can cause death.

The food rations applied in the way of raising Doberman dogs are not the same for each person. This regimen is tailored to the individual dog’s activity level, weight, and age. Especially the first year, puppies need a separate menu of nutrients to grow.

Feeding time needs to take place before/after exercise at least 1 hour so that the dog can digest and absorb the best food. Monitor Doberman’s weight regularly, if they start to gain weight quickly you need to rebalance their nutrition.

Spend time training Doberman from an early age

Doberman has more than enough intelligence to understand and follow commands transmitted through voice. But if not properly trained, they will be arrogant and stubborn. Puppies are taught from an early age, exposed to the outside will form good behaviors and become obedient as adults.

A few basic commands that you need to teach them are: “sit”, “stay”, “come”, etc. The key when training is being firm, patient, and positive. You should also avoid leaving your dog outside alone or isolating them from other people and animals. That worries the dog and stimulates the protective instinct.

Bathing and grooming for Doberman dogs

The Doberman’s short, thin, shiny coat sheds little and doesn’t require fancy care. If the dog is not dirty, you do not need to bathe, just brush to remove debris and dust from the coat. If the stain is difficult to remove, use a damp cloth to wipe it off. You can spray more conditioner to make the coat more shiny.

Bathe Doberman when absolutely necessary. Bathing a lot is also not beneficial because soap will strip the natural oils that make hair soft. On average, once a month is just enough time for you to bathe your dog. Use a mild soap and rinse off the lather.

If there is a bad smell, it may be due to improper diet. If you notice that their skin appears red, dry or dull, thin hair, should pay attention to find out soon. It’s best to take them to the vet to make sure they’re not showing signs of hypothyroidism.

Final thought

Top News hopes this article can help you learn more about the top 5 smartest dog breeds and wishes your dog always stay healthy and strong!