Top 10 small dog breeds

top 10 small dog breeds

Dogs are the most popular animals in the world because of their unique characteristics such as making friends with people, taking care of homes, or even being friends to share our sadness. There are many very cute and adorable dogs, and looking at them just want to hold them. Let’s explore the top 10 small dog breeds in this article!

1. Yorkshire Terrier

The origin of the Yorkshire Terrier

The name Yorkshire Terrier (Yorkshire terrier or Yorkie) is because their homeland is Yorkshire – the North of England.

There are many people who believe that Scottish workers who came to England to work bred Yorkshire dogs to kill rats and insects that lurked in the mines. During the Victorian era, Yorkshire dogs were very popular and quickly became popular, gradually becoming pets in the British Royal family and upper-class families.

The Yorkie dog appeared in the US in 1872 and was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club – AKC in 1878. Currently, this breed is ranked among the top favorite pets in this country.

Features of the Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terrier has a height of 20 – 23cm and a maximum weight of about 3 kg. Currently, there are many mini Yorkshire breeds that are bred only 15cm tall, weighing less than 2kg. Perhaps because of their small size, they are nicknamed “pocket dogs”.

With its long coat and especially the soft tufts of hair on its head, the Yorkshire Terrier is one of the most attractive representatives of the dog world. Their coat color usually consists of a beautiful dark gray or black with golden accents, giving them a very aristocratic appearance.

Intelligent and active are two words that can best describe the characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier. In addition, these dogs are also extremely loyal and love to cuddle their owners, making them great companions in families.

However, each of these dogs has different interesting things. While some puppies are playful, energetic, and do everything, some just need to be cuddled by their owners and want nothing more than to follow in their footsteps throughout the day.

It can be said that Yorkshire Terriers are very friendly and affectionate. So, spend more time caring and taking care of them once you decide to raise them.

How to take care Yorkshire Terrier

Because of their small size, Yorkshire terriers don’t need a lot of room to exercise. They are ideal for indoors or in apartments, but they love to run around and enjoy the outdoors.

This breed is sensitive to cold weather and gets cold easily, so the Yorkie needs protection from bad weather.

In terms of food, these babies need 1/2 to 3/4 cups of dog food per day, divided into two meals. However, it should be adjusted depending on the size, age, body, metabolism and activity level of the puppy. Yorkshire Terriers can have sensitive digestive systems and are picky eaters, so it’s important to keep an eye on them and take them to the vet for a check-up.

Yorkshire terriers shed little, but their coat requires regular care to keep them in good shape. The coat should be brushed at least once a week. Depending on the owner’s preferences, it is possible to trim or style these little friends.

2. Toy Fox Terrier is in the top 10 small dog breeds

The Toy Fox Terrier is a playful and active dog breed. The dog is considered the most intelligent of the terriers.

The Toy Fox Terrier or Toy Fox Terrier is a decorative dog breed bred in the United States, belonging to the terrier group, this is a very friendly dog with both owners and people around. With loyal characteristics, and can do a lot of things along with courage and intelligence, Toy Fox Terrier is chosen by many apartments. Another part is that the small size is very cute.

The origin of Toy Fox Terrier

The Toy Fox Terrier is a breed that originated in England. They were later recognized in 1500. The Toy Fox Terrier was developed to keep foxes out of stables. In later years it was not recognized as still being bred for hunting. But in 1912 this dog was included in the breed club registry.

After 8 years in 1920, people here rebelled to separate the smaller Toy Fox Terrier into a separate species. It was confirmed in 1936. TFT recognized this American breed club in 2003.

Features of Toy Fox Terrier

The Toy Fox Terrier is a miniature version of the Smooth Fox Terrier. This breed is smaller and lighter in size. Despite its smaller size, the hunting nature is still strong in this dog.

Height: 25 – 30 cm

Weight: 3-5 kg

This dog breed has a rather square body and looks very strong. The chest is quite open, the legs are small and straight. They have a rather small head shape, with a short but pointed muzzle. The eyes are round, brown or black. The ears on both sides are large and grow high on the head. The small car looks quite piled up.

Their coat is short but very smooth. Feathers often have white patches and black patches. Their typical coat color: Black, white, and brown.

The character of Toy Fox Terrier

Toy Fox Terrier dogs have strong personalities so they are not suitable for playing with children. Although powerful, they cannot withstand the frequency of intense operation. In particular, they are very easy to break their legs.

Instincts are hunting dogs, so they will chase animals when they see them. Therefore, they need to be trained and closely monitored. You should train them from a young age to get a perfect score. Toy Fox Terrier is very bright, cheerful, active, and friendly. They are great companions to their owners. They are on high alert, guarding against strangers.

Food and Care for the Toy Fox Terrier

They are considered a non-picky dog breed and a large eater. As a working dog, when raising them you need to give them a large space to release their energy. Not suitable for small apartments. Be sure to bathe them regularly and keep their teeth clean. To prevent infectious diseases. They do not tolerate hot places, keep them in cool places.

Although the dog is not a picky eater, you should regularly add enough nutrients to its diet. The nutrients that include their growth are protein, calcium, and fiber. Ray tubers are indispensable items. Avoid stale, raw food because it will affect their intestines.

3. Pomeranian

The Pomeranian (Pom) dog, also known as the Pomeranian (squirrel fox) dog, originated in the Pomeranian land, in ancient Central Europe, now Northwest Poland and Northeastern Germany.

The Pomeranian puppies first appeared with a large size with a height of 40-45cm and a weight of about 12-17kg. However, through many generations of crossbreeding, today’s Phoc Soc baby’s appearance has become much smaller. The average height is only 15-25cm and the weight is about 2-4kg.

Because of the result of many generations of breeding, the Pomeranian is classified as one of the smallest dogs in the world. The cuteness and compactness of this dog have attracted attention and even been loved by the owner. The mischievous, unique behavior of this dog, always creates laughter for everyone around.

Origin of Pomeranian

Pomeranians are descended from the German Spitz breed, which appeared around the 19th century. According to some records, the border area between Poland and Germany is considered their homeland. In 1900, AKC – American Kennel Club officially recognized Pomeranian as a purebred dog.

In the list of the most intelligent dog breeds in the world, they have ranked at number 5 in the ranking thanks to their formidable memory ability.

Appearance and characteristics of Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a small-sized dog, with an average height of about 15-25cm, and a weight of about 2-4kg. They have a rather modest body and small and short legs. This is also the “measurement” of the cuteness of this dog.

The coat of Pomeranian has 2 coats like the Alaskan, Samoyed and Husky species, the hair is long, thick and very soft, usually white, smoky gray, and fire yellow.

Their heads are quite rounded, their faces are like foxes with long small muzzles, big eyes and look very sharp. The ears have a small triangle shape, always erect, helping them get the best hearing. The tail is extremely impressive by the long ruffled hair and the curvature towards the back looks very stylish.

The personality of the Pomeranian is usually very cheerful, energetic and very energetic. They are small but very active, running and jumping. They are also quite active, have very good self-control when they can play alone and still have fun.

They love to be close to their owners, and especially love to play with small children because of their mischievous nature. Therefore, owners should pay attention to spending time hugging and stroking them so that they can feel the care of their owners.

Because they are small dogs, they can be a bit difficult to please, sometimes they are a bit “loving” and a bit arrogant. Besides, sometimes they are quite reckless when daring to attack larger dogs. Therefore, owners need to train them so that they do not go messing around with large dogs, avoiding injury to Pomeranian puppies.

How to raise a Pomeranian

Pomeranian is a rather luxurious species, so in terms of eating, they are very picky. Their food will have to be delicious, full of nutrition and especially to change the menu regularly so that they do not get bored.

Pomeranian’s favorite dog food is meat, offal, fish and duck eggs. These foods will provide them with enough protein, protein and fat for their bodies. In the meal, you should add a little rice and green vegetables to add starch, minerals, fiber and vitamins, support a healthy digestive tract.

Note that they should not be fed too much fat because they can have digestive disorders, which is not good for their health.

Owners must pay attention to always have water available for dogs to drink and should not when they drink a lot of fresh milk because their digestive system is quite weak, so it is easy to get stomachaches. On average, a day should give 2 meals a day for adult dogs because they are small dogs, and do not need to eat too much, leading to stomach pain.

Regarding living conditions, Pomeranians can live in small spaces, however, if the temperature is too high, it will not be good for the health of the dog. At such times, you should find a cool place for your dog to play or let the dog lie in an air-conditioned room to make them feel more comfortable.

The characteristics of the Pomeranian species are thick, long and 2 layers, so owners need to pay attention to brushing their hair every day and cutting their hair periodically to get a smooth coat as well as remove hair loss. especially in the hot season so they don’t feel uncomfortable.

When raising, owners should make a sleeping place with a soft mattress or make a moderate cage so that they have their own space. In addition, it is necessary to note the period of regular deworming every 6 months to avoid abdominal pain and intestinal-related diseases. Clean the nose regularly to ensure the health of the dog’s respiratory tract.

When taking them for a walk, it’s best not to let them exercise too much, but to run and jump gently, in moderation, it’s best to walk so that the dog will not lose strength and can still have fun and play.

4. Toy Poodle

The Toy Poodle dog originated in France. However, some say that this dog breed comes from Germany, and Denmark, which is the name derived from the German sound “Pudel”, which means “diver” or “wading dog”.

Although the Toy Poodle may weigh only a few pounds, it makes up for it with a courageous and alert personality. Thanks to these characteristics, it is loved by many people. You will definitely want to pick them up right away because they look so fragile, weak but extremely brave and cute.

If you are living in a house with a large garden or just a small apartment in the heart of the city, you can still choose to keep this Poodle breed, ensuring that they will show you enough fun every day.

The Origin of the Toy Poodle

Until now, the origin of the Toy Poodle is still controversial. Some have suggested that the ancestor of the Poodle may have been the Central Asian curly-haired dog. However, others believe that the Toy Poodle is a mini, curly dog that also appears in the marshes of France, Russia and Hungary.

There are many documents showing that the origin of Toy Poodle dog originated in Germany and the name “Pudel” in German means duck hunting. Therefore, the origin of the dog or the ancestor of this species is a question that still has no specific answer.

Toy Poodle’s appearance

Poodles are divided into 3 main recognized categories: Miniature Poodle (small type), Toy Poodle (super small type) and Standard Poodle (standard type) and 2 more types are Tiny Poodle and Teacup Poodle but have not been recognized. . And the Toy Poodle is a small-bodied dog in 3 types with a height of less than 25cm and a weight of 3-4 kg for an adult Toy Poodle. The Poodle’s body length is roughly equal to the height from the shoulder blades down.

The most attractive feature of Toy Poodle dogs is their curly and fluffy coat, Poodle dog hair has 2 layers with a texture similar to sheep’s hair to help them keep warm. Their coat is also very diverse in colors including Chocolate Toy Poodle, White Toy Poodle, Red Brown Toy Poodle, Milk Brown Toy Poodle, Yellow Apricot Toy Poodle, their skin color often coincides with their coat color.

Personality traits

The Toy Poodle is an intelligent dog that learns quickly and is easy to train. If you learn about the Poodle, you will know that the Poodle’s intelligence is on par with the Alaskan and the Border Collie, the two smartest dogs in the world. In particular, they are extremely loyal dogs.

If you raise a Toy Poodle from a young age, it will only be loyal to you. In contrast to the small, cute body, the Poodle has a very loud bark and they bark a lot, sometimes it will make people feel very annoyed. However, if you have a Toy Poodle, it will be a “guard” to protect your home.

The Toy Poodle is an extremely friendly and sociable dog. In particular, they love children very much and can play with children all day. With strangers, they will bark to warn and also to notify the owner.

How to take care of Toy Poodle

You can see Toy Poodles appearing everywhere from the countryside to the city because they are very easy to raise with just the right care. So how to raise Toy Poodle dogs to develop in the best way, is still something that many people wonder about. Here, Petroom will guide you on how to take care of Toy Poodle.

When raising Toy Poodles, you first need to create the best and most comfortable living environment for them. As active dogs, love to run and jump, so you should design a spacious space for them to run and jump. Moreover, you should let Poodle go out for regular walks, and socialize so that they are not shy and afraid when meeting strangers.

When letting Poodles go out to practice, you should note that you should not force them to practice too hard, or run too hard because their physical strength is quite weak, and practicing a lot can make them exhausted.

The most important thing when you need to keep in mind when raising Toy Poodles is to build them a nutritious dog food menu because Poodle dogs are quite picky eaters, or suffer from diseases related to the digestive tract. You need to provide enough nutrients in Toy Poodle meals, especially Protein.

For dogs from 2 to 4 months old, when they have just been weaned from their mother’s milk, they should eat foods that are easy to swallow such as thin porridge or bone broth to get water. When dogs are over 3 months old, they should eat meat, but note that the meat is small enough for them to chew and swallow. At the age of 4 to 6 months, you should provide more protein for Poodle.

When Poodles are over 6 months old, they should eat a variety of foods such as beef, duck eggs, fish because at this time their fur is in the most developing stage, need to eat all kinds of food. High protein product for strong and shiny hair. If feeding Toy Poodles with dry pellets, soak them in water to soften them before feeding them, especially with puppies under 6 months of age.

5. Pekingese

Originally, the Pekingese was a pet dog of the Chinese Royal Family. This dog breed has a very noble origin but they are very affectionate and loyal to their owners. Thanks to their compact size, they fit into any home.

Origin of Pekingese dog

The Pekingese, also known as the Pekingese, is a precious breed of dog that originated in China. In addition to the name that speaks to their origin, many Chinese also call them lion dogs or fox dogs (fortune dogs).

It is not clear exactly why in ancient times this purebred Pekingese was always respected and revered by royalty and royalty. They think that they have the ability to ward off evil spirits and bring wealth to their owners, so in the past, they were no different from a prince or an emperor.

Legend has it that anyone who does not perform the bowing ceremony or even steals or robs this dog will be sentenced to death. The emperor of China that day personally chose them as companions when he died.

However, until the 1860s, the fate of this Pekingese breed really came when the British Empire invaded China. The royal family that day, determined not to let this precious breed bring wealth to the enemy, issued an order to exterminate them.

But to exterminate a species is not easy, for unknown reasons, British soldiers still caught up to 5 purebred Pekingese dogs and brought them back to Queen Victoria.

The appearance of purebred Pekingese

If only at a glance, there are many lotuses who mistakenly believe that the Pekingese dog is a Japanese poodle. Really look at these two and you’ll see when they’re like brothers. However, Beijing is not related to Japanese dogs. And if you look closely, you will see that Japanese dogs are much larger in size than this Chinese breed.

An adult purebred Pekingese can only weigh from 5 to 6 kg. In terms of height, this dog is quite short, only about 20-25cm tall and only about 40-45cm long. However, it doesn’t matter because short legs are still cute.

If you don’t mind daily grooming and always love dogs with long, flowing hair, a Pekingese will be a very reasonable choice for you.

Owning a long, fluffy and fluffy fur like cotton with many colors such as white, black, fawn, dark brown, and cream. Plus the chest hair looks like a lion’s mane, so maybe this is The reason why ancient Chinese royalty loved them.

Due to their innate body structure, purebred Pekingese will always have a very short nose, which looks adorable but this is the reason why they will make a very loud snoring sound when sleeping.

And similar to pug dogs, their eyes are also relatively round and tend to be slightly protruding. Not only that, but they also have a lot of wrinkles on the face, so you also need to pay more attention to hygiene, to prevent them from getting bacterial dermatitis between these wrinkles.

Personality traits

A trait that you definitely need to know before adopting a Pekingese is a somewhat arrogant but extremely intelligent and independent personality. In the past, Beijing’s ancestors were often raised by the royal family. That’s why it seems that the “descendants” of later generations understand this “origin” and are somewhat arrogant and stubborn.

However, these guys are also quite affectionate and friendly. For all family members, the Pekingese love everyone and are very obedient. In particular, bosses love to be patted and petted. If you have a sad story, these loyal dogs are ready to be friends to give you a little confidence.

How to raise Pekingese

It’s all about nutrition, these dogs have an inverse relationship with their appearance. However, preparing food for them is not easy because they are very picky eaters. Therefore, it is best to establish a reasonable menu for each stage.

The stage of not separating the herd
This is the period when our dogs are under 2 months old, the digestive system is weak, and the resistance is not high. Therefore, the foods must be soft and pureed such as soaked seeds, flour, thin porridge stewed with meat and milk.

Appearance development stage
Starting from the 3rd month onwards, Pekingese dogs will be visible. This is the stage when the body has begun to develop, the stomach also has a “healthier” chalk. You can feed these dogs soft cooked rice and calcium-rich foods such as bone broth mixed with rice, meats and indispensable vegetables, tubers and fruits.

Adult stage: 6 months of age and up is the period when the Pekingese’s appearance develops the most. The amount of food provided each day also needs to increase in quantity and change in quality. In addition to the menu as in the previous period, add balut eggs every day for these dogs as well as meat rich in protein, protein.

In addition, you also need to note a few issues when taking care of a Beijing poodle such as:

  • Provide enough water for the dog
  • Always clean your pet’s dishes to protect the dog’s intestinal tract
  • Do not let the children eat raw food, stale
  • Limit the supply of greasy foods so that the dog does not become obese.

6. Shih Tzu

Origin of the Shih Tzu

Shih Tzu originated in Tibet, probably around the 7th century, and they may simply be the smallest of the Lhasa Apsos there. Presented as a gift to the emperors of China, the breed evolved into the breed we recognize today. The name Shih Tzu means “lion dog” in Chinese, which further confuses the ancestors because the lion dog often denotes the Pekingese breed.

The appearance of the Shih Tzu

The Shih Tzu is classified as a toy dog in most countries, with a height of 10-15 cm and a weight of 4-7 kg. As with most toy breeds, the Shih Tzu quickly matures, reaching adult size in about 10 months if supplemented with milk – vitamins – medicine for dogs.

Shih Tzus are usually slightly longer for their height, with sturdy bodies and well-sized heads. The muzzle is quite short, with an undulating bite mark. The head is round and the eyes are quite prominent. The tail is carried happily curled behind. Elegant gait for such a small dog.

Shih Tzu puppies are covered with long and straight hair. This double coat requires a great amount of upkeep, especially if left long on these short dogs for it to sweep the ground. Use a regular dog grooming tool to trim your dog. Any color is acceptable for the coat, but dark pigmentation is preferred around the eyes and on the nose. Shih Tzus tend to be small, fairly healthy dogs and usually live to be 14 or 15 years old.

Personality traits

Shih Tzu is known for her cheerful, cheerful disposition. They are lively and friendly. Shih Tzu tends to get along with people of all ages and with other dogs and other pets of different species. Rarely will you find a snippy Shih Tzu, but most are very sweet. And you’ll want to immediately reward your dog with snacks – treats – chew bones, so that they can eat them right away!

With a short muzzle, the Shih Tzu is not a dog that costs too much in dog food, but they love to dig and have some passion for annoying barking. Shih Tzu has a great desire to be with people, whether it’s sitting on your lap or walking through the park.

How to take care of a Shih Tzu

Shih Tzu is very impatient with canned food – the pate is delicious for dogs and quickly becomes obese if given too much food. They don’t need or want to go for a daily walk, but you should encourage Shih Tzu to stay in shape. Shih Tzu competes in obedience and agility with some success. Watch out for Shih Tzu exercise in hot, humid weather because with its short muzzle, this breed is prone to heatstroke.

“Hairy” are two 9-letter words when talking about Shih Tzu. Most pet owners use a short year-round body shape that looks pretty and is very easy to care for this breed. If you want to keep the ao dai flowing without sweeping the ground, you have to be prepared for some serious grooming time.

These dogs require weekly baths with oiling the coat to help smoothen the coat and daily grooming to keep any foreign objects from sticking to the coat. Dogs with the correct texture of coats do not carpet as much as those with soft coats. You can also use dog cosmetics to help clean up twice a week.

7. Papillon

The origin of Papillon dog is a descendant of the Toy Spaniel breed from Europe. This breed is called butterfly dog because their head is small and beautiful, and their ears are combined with a face like a butterfly.

They are loved by humans because of their very intelligent nature and are very easy to train. This is also considered by everyone to be a strong competitor in the world’s leading pet competitions.

The Origin of the Papillon

Papillon is a descendant of the Toy Spaniel breed from Europe. These Spanish dogs appear in European royal court paintings dating back to the early 16th century. The most famous of the court painters, Titian (Vecelli), painted a number of them. This little Spanish dog in his paintings, with many eye-catching dog costumes and accessories, dates back to about 1500.

Through the Renaissance and beyond, most Toy Spaniards had drooping ears. The erect butterfly-like ears that give the Papillon its distinctive look, not to mention its name, became fashionable until the late 19th century.

Although the Papillon and its ancestors are beloved by European royal families, its charms have been a secret in modern times. That may be changing, however; In 1999, a papillon named Ch. Loki Supernatural Being (Kirby) won the Dog Show organized by the prestigious Westminster Club. And the golden age of human service with complete dog food, dog milk, and dog toys for Papillon dogs begins.

The appearance of the Papillon

The Papillon is a small, cute-looking dog with ears sticking out of his head like the wings of a butterfly.

The coat is long and silky, and the tail is a small, wagging broom. Unlike other long-haired breeds, the Papillon does not have an undercoat or molt every two years, and its long hair does not shed easily. Therefore, it is more convenient to use a dog grooming tool to care for Papillon. The coat is usually white with patches of black, red, orange, or sable.

Personality traits

Papillons are usually happy dogs, enjoying sitting in laps as much as they enjoy running around the house. Although lively and energetic, they are not considered a stressed, anxious or fearful breed and they do not bark excessively. Therefore, owners always want to reward a lot of snacks – chew bones – dog treats for Papillon.

The typical Papillon enjoys socializing with cats and with other dogs. The Papillon doesn’t hesitate to involve larger animals in play, but owners should be careful that larger animals don’t see the Papillon as prey. Papillons also love to play with children, but young people must be careful not to be rough with these lively little dogs.

Its alertness, intelligence, and intense desire have made it a favorite in competitive obedience. They are also known to have a remarkable talent for tracking, and agility and are good therapy dogs for patients.

How to raise Papillon

The Papillon is a delightful companion that is easy to care for. These dogs need a relatively little exercise, although they do enjoy running around. Small, they require less food than larger dogs. They also don’t have the usual dog odors. But to make Papillon smell better, you can increase the use of cosmetics specifically for dogs.

Papillon also adapts well to a city apartment as well as a country estate. They also travel well and, since their crates or carriers often fit under airplane seats, they can travel by air without the risk of getting stuck in the cargo hold.

As is the case with other small dogs, the average lifespan of a Papillon is 12 to 15 years. However, if you provide enough products for dog digestive treatment, dog bone, and joint nutrition then the baby can completely increase to several years of life.

8. Chinese Crested Dog

Origin of the Chinese Crested

The Chinese Crested is known as the Crested Dog, this breed is known in China, but has evolutionary origins in Africa or Mexico. They were used by Chinese sailors to hunt rats on ships, and catch insects, and since then they have been renamed after the Chinese.

It was not until 1979 that AKC (USA) recognized them. Later the Chinese Crested variety became more and more popular both in the US and UK. They raise them to be friends. The breed is a regular competitor in rare dog competitions. To date, this breed has become quite rare in many countries.

The Appearance of Chinese Crested Dog

The crested dog is a small dog with an average height of 28 – 33 cm, and a weight of about 2 – 6 kg.

This breed includes 2 types, Hairless and Powderpuff. Hairless dogs have only a small amount of hair on the top of the head (called the crest), tail, and legs; Powderpuff is covered in fur. They have a variety of colors such as chocolate, black, and cream with many color patches or small bright spots.

The dog’s head has a small crest and is slightly curved from the middle of the ear to the back of the head, along with dark brown or black almond-shaped eyes. Slim cheeks and an elongated muzzle. The ears are large and naturally upright. The neck is slightly curved and the chest is small and deep.

The Chinese Crested Dog has four long, slender, and straight legs. The ankles are small and upright. Small rabbit feet with long slender toes. The tail is quite long, and slender, and usually reaches the hip. When the dog moved, the little tail happily wagged along.

Personality traits

They are very gentle, lively, and playful and love to cuddle. They often show affection by leaning on their front legs, they are also very fond of children (it is not recommended to be intimate with this breed roughly, because they do not have coats to protect so it is easily to injured).

Chinese Crested puppies need to be socialized from an early age to avoid their timidity. This breed is capable of performing in the circus and is generally good with other pets. They are not barking dogs. They love to climb and dig burrows.

They tend to be attached to their previous owners and will have a hard time adjusting to their new owners. This breed is well-adapted to apartment life. They are quite active indoors and will feel comfortable without a yard.

How to raise Chinese Crested Dog

Living conditions: The crested dog is a dog breed that has a low tolerance for heat and cold. So when it’s too sunny or hot, you should leave your dog indoors with a fan or air conditioner on, or outside in the shade so that he doesn’t get heatstroke as well as remember to apply sunscreen to protect his skin. her skin. On the contrary, when it’s cold, remember to dress her up to keep her warm.

The crested breed is well adapted to life in the apartment. They are not very active, so just taking them for a walk around the park or playing in the yard every day is enough to meet their daily exercise needs. Don’t forget to apply sunscreen or dress her up before you go outside.

Health and longevity: Dogs with crests have a fairly long lifespan, from 13-18 years and are healthy, with few diseases. Some diseases that dog with crests are prone to: They have elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and skin and eye diseases, When you see your dog showing abnormal signs, it is necessary to quickly bring them to the veterinarian for early examination, to avoid unfortunate risks.

Dogs with crests should be fed high-quality dog food. However, it is best to consult with your veterinarian for the best diet for your dog. Some dogs are prone to being overweight, so you need to be mindful of their calorie consumption and weight. Make sure to change the water every day and that your dog is drinking enough water.

The dog has skin that is prone to irritation, allergies, and sunburn. As such, they need to be treated with care with breed-specific skin treatments. In addition, if your dog is a Powderpuff, he should be brushed daily with a specialized bristle brush.

9. Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise is a cute, petite dog that looks very cute. At first sight, anyone wants to own this dog as their own pet.

History and origin of the Bichon Frize

The Bichon Frize was born as a result of crossbreeding between the Barbet Water Spaniel and the Hound. The first appearance of Bichon Frise is found in Spain, in the years of the 14th century.

Then in the mid-15th century, the Bichon Frise was widely bred and brought to Italy. Thanks to its lovely and lovely appearance, this breed quickly became especially popular with the Royal Family in Italy.

By 1500, when France invaded Italy, the Bichon Frise was also brought back by the French and became the most popular pet in France at that time. The Bichon Frise breed has become the most “revered” pet of many king dynasties.

However, by the end of the 18th century, the introduction of many other aristocratic dog breeds made the Bichon Frise not as popular as before. They become cheap dogs. There are even Bichon Frises left hungry in the street without anyone taking care of them. The Bichon Frize breed is almost completely extinct.

After World War I, when pet movements flourished again in developed European countries. The breeders decided to find the smart, adorable Bichon again. Bichon Frise is once again returning to a period of prosperity.

Bichon Frize’s appearance

The first thing that makes people impressed about Bichon Frise is its extremely small size. An adult will have a height of about 23-30 cm, and a weight 5-10kg. There are also larger  Bichon Frize but they are quite rare.

The head of the Bichon Frize is round, and the black eyes blink. The nose is small but very sensitive. Overall, Bichon Frise has a well-proportioned body. The proportions of the body parts are very similar.

The most outstanding feature of this dog is the snow-white ruffled coat that covers the entire body. Unlike other dogs, Bichon Frise’s fur rarely sheds, and does not cling to dirt. Owners of this breed often trim the hair to the same length to make the Bichon Frise’s body look rounder.

Bichon Frise’s ears are long, hanging down to the sides of his cheeks. However, because the dog’s coat is too long and curly, it covers the ears, making it very difficult for you to see their ears. Some people often confuse Bichon Frize and Poodle. Some characteristics that help you distinguish these two breeds are:

  • Bichon has much thicker hair on the face, tail, and ears than the Poodle.
  • Overall, Bichon Frise’s body is rounder than Poodle’s.
  • Purebred Bichon Frise has only white fur. And Poodle has many colors such as brown, black, chocolate, white.

Personality characteristics

Bichon Frise has all the characteristics of a “pet” that you are looking for: Smart, friendly, fun, pretty, and lovely. Bichon Frise dogs are very affectionate like to be friends with people and especially children. You can let them play with children without worrying about them attacking or harming them.

Bichon Frises know how to behave properly, and politely with their owners. This breed loves to cuddle and bond with people. They won’t be able to stand being alone for too long.

Lovely and smart, Bichon Frise knows how to make you happy every day. They are loyal companions of humans, very friendly and sociable with other pets. Therefore, you can keep many other animals in the house without worrying about them “fighting” with each other.

However, if you are too indulgent, Bichon Frise may be lazy and bland. Therefore, from a young age, you should train them strictly to be more obedient and obedient.

Sometimes they also act naughty, and destructive a bit like children. But that won’t upset you. On the contrary, you will see that Bichon Frise has a lovely, cute beauty.

Nutrition for Bichon Frize

Bichon Frize dog breed has a weak digestive system, prone to stomach diseases. Depending on the age, you should have a different diet for your dog. Specifically:

From 1-3 months old: Prepare your puppy with pureed meat porridge. Feed 3-4 meals a day, evenly spaced. After eating, you should give Bichon Frise about 200ml of milk. Milk will add more nutrients needed by the dog’s body. If you feed Bichon Frise dry food, or canned food, you should soak the food for about 5 minutes before feeding it.

From 3-6 months old: At this time, you can add more dishes to the menu for Bichon Frise. They can eat meat, fish, grains, eggs, shrimp, vegetables, and fruits. However, you absolutely should not give them bones because it is very easy to choke, endangering the life of the dog.

From 6 months old and up: This is the time when Bichon Frise has the most changes in appearance. Give them more calcium and protein to help the muscles grow more.

In addition, you need to regularly change the water for Bichon Frise dogs 3 times/day. Each meal only gives just the right amount of food, do not let them eat too much. Utensils such as food trays, and water trays also need to be cleaned every day.

How to take care of a Bichon Frize

If you want your Bichon Frise dog to always be clean and beautiful, you need to take care of their coat very carefully. Brush them regularly every day to remove dirt and make their coat smoother.

In the summer, you should trim the coat of Bichon Frise so that it is neater and cooler. Bathing for this breed is maintained once a week. In winter, when the weather is cold, take a bath every 2 weeks.

When bathing the Bichon Frise you also need to pay special attention to cleaning their coat. Use more shampoo, and shower gel specifically for dogs to remove all dirt. After bathing, use a hair dryer to dry the coat. Brush again for softer hair. If you do not dry your hair and leave it wet for a long time, then Bichon Frise will easily get skin diseases such as fungi, and scabies.

After each meal, Bichon Frise should exercise a little to digest food at the same time so that they are not overweight and obese. However, you should not force them to exercise too much, which will affect their health.

In addition, you must regularly check parts such as eyes, and ears. Because these are the parts that easily become a habitat for bacteria. Oral hygiene should also be done once a week to ensure their teeth are always clean.

10. Chihuahua

One of the most cherished pets today. Chihuahuas attract people with their petite appearance, cuteness, and gentle nature. Do not skip this article to find out why this breed is so popular.

Origin of Chihuahua

The Chihuahua (Chiwawa) is a small dog breed from the Mexican state of Chihuahua and is considered one of the oldest dogs in the Americas, but was known to the Chinese when they brought it to Europe at the end of the century. 19. Since then, this breed began to be widely known and sought after by everyone.

Chihuahua’s appearance

Chihuahuas are divided into two types, short-haired and long-haired. Chihuahuas are crossed with many different types of dogs, so their appearance may vary slightly, but their petite appearance cannot be lost.

Chihuahuas have many different coat colors, which are popular colors such as chestnut brown, light brown, steel blue, silver, and yellow.

This dog breed is characterized by its small and lovely body. Despite possessing a small head, the eyes are quite large and round with common colors being dark brown, dark ruby red. The ears are large and pointed, and the muzzle is short. Chihuahuas have a fairly sturdy body, the body is longer than it is tall and is always straight.

Personality traits

Chihuahuas are very popular with their owners because of their affectionate nature, always expressing their feelings to their owners. Create a strong bond between owner and pet. Especially chihuahuas are very clingy, require the attention of their owners at all times and love to be petted.

Chihuahuas are extremely aggressive towards unfriendly strangers and will tend to attack them. Because of possessing sharp iron teeth and can bite back when provoked.

Chihuahuas are absolutely loyal to their caregivers, for them, there is only one owner. Because of this, there are many cases where Chihuahuas will die shortly after their owner’s death. The absolute honesty with this owner is really touching, isn’t it?

How to raise Chihuahua

You should find foods that contain a lot of protein such as chicken, fat-free pork, heart, and animal liver, and combine them with starches and vegetables such as rice, sweet potatoes, and cauliflower.

Chihuahua dog nutrition by stage

The first 2 weeks: when buying a new puppy: You should keep the old eating habits of the Chihuahua at this stage.

3 months old stage: At this time, you should give your dog soft foods and divide them into 3-4 small meals/day. Each meal should provide foods that contain a lot of protein and fat.

Over 6 months old: With dogs at this age, you can shorten the number of meals a day, only about 2 meals is fine. However, the amount of food in each meal needs to be increased. This will ensure that the Chihuahua’s body is provided with adequate nutrients for healthy development.

Period from 13 months and up At this time, you need to consider the number of nutrients in each meal of your dog: Reduce foods high in fat and protein if the Chihuahua shows signs of being overweight. Besides, you should increase fiber for them by feeding them vegetables.

Final thought

Top News hopes this article can help you learn more about the top 10 small dog breeds and wishes you bring one of these adorable dogs home.