Service dogs, police dogs, etc. are a name for dogs that are specially trained to support people in the field of law enforcement, military, or rescue. They are intelligent and brave, so they have become important in helping and supporting people. However, there are only a handful of breeds suitable for this difficult job out of more than 100 existing dog species worldwide. Let’s explore the top 10 police dog breeds in this article!
1. German Shepherd
German Shepherd is a breed of German Shepherd dog, they are also known by many names such as Alsatian, Alsatian Wolfdog, Berger Allemand, and Deutscher Schäferhund. They are also called shepherds.
This breed was successfully bred in Germany in 1899 with the first purpose of herding sheep. Then, thanks to outstanding characteristics such as good health, agility, flexibility, loyalty, and the ability to learn and obey orders, the German Shepherd is increasingly popular. This dog breed is listed as one of the top 5 smartest dog breeds in the world.
This is the third most intelligent dog breed in the world, just behind the Border Collie and the Poodle and it is also on the list of the most popular dog breeds in the US.
The German Shepherd is a medium-sized dog. As adults, they can reach the following size parameters: Weight: 32 – 45 kg, height: 50 – 65 cm, and length: 100-117 cm. This dog has a very strong and majestic appearance. They have two large, high-pitched ears, a long square muzzle, a black nose, brown eyes, and strong jaws. The common coat color of the German Shepherd is black-dark yellow, red-brown. The average lifespan of this breed is 7 to 10 years.
This is a dog that loves to exercise and learn. They have the ability to learn simple commands after only 5 times of practice and the ability to obey up to 95% of commands from their owners. It is thanks to this ability to learn and obey orders that the German Shepherd has become the most popular breed of dog. Many countries choose them to serve in the military, as service dogs and rescue dogs.
They are trained for jobs such as scouting, detecting mines, parachuting, tracking and controlling criminals, sniffing out banned substances such as drugs, rescuing.
The Origin, History of the German Shepherd
For centuries, the German people have depended heavily on the Rottweiler (a fierce dog with strong muscles) to be both a sled dog, a herding dog and a housekeeper. However, the Rott dog is not agile, and the temperament is aggressive, so it is difficult to train, causing many difficulties for the owner.
Understanding this situation, Captain Max von Stephanitz (serving in the German Cavalry at that time) decided to create a line of dogs that are both outstandingly intelligent and agile to serve the purpose of herding. livestock, protect family and herd from wild animals. His goal was to create an unmatched breed of superiority from pure German genetics (bred from only German breeds).
After many years of crossbreeding, he succeeded and created a completely new breed in 1899. This breed is really different, they have strong muscles, remarkable speed, loyalty, hard work and ability. absolute obedience to orders. These qualities make them both suitable as working dogs and suitable for training and fighting.
Max von Stephanitz’s first Becgie was named Horand v Grafeth. He originally intended to use this new breed for herding purposes only. However, Germany quickly industrialized and developed a strong military, and the original purpose of shepherding gradually became unnecessary, instead he found this breed extremely ideal for service in the army. team and police.
Through his military connections, he persuaded the German government to use his breed as the main service dog. During World War I, the breed was used as a rescue, mail, guard, and guard dog.
This breed came to America in the early 19th century and also had a very bright future. They were widely used in the US military and police forces at that time. They were brought to Europe for combat and rescue during World War I.
The Confederate countries were impressed by the breed’s qualities but disappointed by their German origins. For this reason, the original German name (Horand v Grafeth) was replaced by the American name Shepherd by the AKC in 1917. The word German was added many years later to indicate the breed’s German origin.
After World War II, German Shepherd dogs began to be popular all over the world and differentiated into many different lines. The most famous is still the German Becgie line, followed by the American Becgie, then France, Belgium, Austria and Russia.
The modern German Becgie has become very different from their original ancestors due to being in the West. People are increasingly interested in the dog’s aesthetic rather than intelligence and ability to work, which was the original idea when breeding to shape this breed. Modern German Becgie dogs to be considered purebred must have the following characteristics:
– Height from 55 – 65cm, the ideal height for adult male dogs is 63cm, and for female dogs is 60cm according to AKC standards. Weight from 22-40 kg.
– Head and face. Round head, short hairy face. The snout is square, long, and the nose is large and black. Their jaws are very strong and firm, the bite marks are scissor-shaped. Eyes are medium in size, usually dark brown. Ears erect and very large,
– Body: Strong muscular body but looks elegant, walking slowly. Their necks are long, when standing or walking, they are often raised, when running fast, they lower to reduce friction with the air, the principle to reaching the maximum speed of wolves.
– Hair color: Purebred German Becgies can come in many colors, the most common being dark/black and red/black with many variations. Rarer coat colors can be mink black, jet black, pure white, liver color (dark orange), and blue. Jet black and black mink are rare and well-loved. Meanwhile blue and liver color are considered defective products. The pure white color will be immediately disqualified and considered non-standard.
The German Becgie is an extremely intelligent dog breed (they are the 3rd most intelligent dog breed according to the AKC ranking, after the Border Collie and the Poodle). Becgie is absolutely loyal, has a high ability to obey orders, which is also the original breeding purpose of this breed. Becgie dogs have the ability to learn simple commands after just a few times, and are easier to train difficult commands than other German breeds such as Rottweiler or Doberman.
The German Becgie is also considered an easy-going dog compared to other large breeds. They are affectionate, loyal and very friendly. They are working dogs, so they love to run and jump, love heavy activities, this can make them hyperactive if kept in the house for too long. However, they do not destroy and try to “escape” like Alaska, Husky or Samoyed.
Becgie has a very high sense of protecting the “territory” and property of the owner, and sometimes a bit excessive. This can lead to the Becgie dog biting people if not properly trained from a young age.
Is Becgie Dog Aggressive?
In many countries around the world, Becgie dogs are considered aggressive and restricted in captivity or breeding. The fear of many people is completely justified due to the large size of this breed, especially the extremely strong jaws, the bite force is up to 108kg – only second in the dog world, standing above the Pitbull (106kg). ) and only after the Rottweile (138kg).
However, a study in the US spanning 24 years has shown that Becgie dogs are not among the majority of dog attacks on people. And especially less unprovoked attacks, in most cases defending (excessive) territory and host family. The fact that the dog Becgie was well-trained from a young age to attack people is almost unrecognized.
2. Rottweiler is one of the top 10 police dog breeds
The Rottweiler, also known as the Rott, is a herding dog that originated in Germany. The Rottweiler is one of the four great national dogs of Germany: Rottweiler, Becgie, Doberman and Leonberger. This breed was successfully bred in 1800 from the Italian Mastiff to serve the purpose of herding.
The Rottweiler is a large dog. Adults can reach a weight of 60 kg and a height of up to 69 cm. This breed usually has two main coat colors, black and brown, with short, body-hugging hair; Dark brown eyes, and drooping ears.
If the German Shepherd impresses with its slim and flexible body, the Rottweiler impresses with its muscular toned body, showing their strength and endurance. An adult Rottweiler has a bite force of up to 136 kg. The average lifespan of a Rottweiler is between 10 and 12 years.
Despite its fierce appearance, the Rottweiler is a rather calm dog. They are herd and have a high protective instinct. They also have a good fighting ability and tolerance for injury. Because of these properties, the Rottweiler is well suited to guard or guard duties. However, it is also because the protective instinct is too high that the Rottweiler can become aggressive.
They need rigorous and professional training to be able to bring out their best. Once tamed Rottweiler will become the most loyal and devoted friend.
Thanks to his toughness, composure, and good fighting ability, Rottweiler is trained and served in the rescue forces, security forces, police, and army for jobs such as scouting, guarding and searching for victims. In addition, Rottweiler is also trained as a guide dog for the blind.
History of Rottweiler
The German Rott is descended from the Molossus (a large guard dog), whose ancestors came to Germany with the Roman army more than 1000 years ago. Molossus was responsible for herding and guarding the new lands that were discovered by the Romans. Molossus dogs interbred with native German breeds, laying the foundation for the formation of many new breeds in Germany later, including the Rottweiler.
Over the centuries, native Germans have bred and trained Rottweilers to become professional herding dogs. Thanks to their fierce temperament, courage, extraordinary strength and absolute loyalty, the Rottweiler breed was also used to escort merchant convoys, and to guard and protect German aristocrats. History also records that the Rottweiler breed has repeatedly participated in fierce battles between the tribes in Germany.
In the 19th century, as rail transport developed, the transportation of goods became faster and safer. The Rott dog was no longer effective, so it was almost extinct at this time. In 1882, there were fewer than 100 Rottweilers left in Germany, according to statistics. The situation began to change in 1901, when the Rottweiler & Leonberger Club was established to widely breed this precious breed, and set standards for purebred Rottweilers. Since then, the standards of purebred German Rott dogs have not changed much.
The first Rottweilers came to the US with waves of German immigrants in the 1920s. In 1931, the first Rottweiler, Stina v Felsenmeer, was officially registered in the US by the American Kennel Club. After World War II, there were not many Rottweiler dogs left in Germany due to having to fight with the German army.
The situation is completely different across the Atlantic. The number of Rottweilers in the US has exploded due to the extremely elite qualities of this breed. The growth of the Rottweiler culminated in 1990 when the number of Rottweiler breeds registered in the US reached 100,000 individuals, more than the number of Rottweilers worldwide combined.
The explosion in the number of Rottweiler dogs also has many potential risks, because this is a fierce dog with outstanding strength, if not properly trained, can attack people and other pets. This time recorded many cases of Rottweiler dogs attacking people, with very serious injuries.
A statistic in the late 90s showed that more than half of dog attacks on people came from Rottweiler and Pitbull breeds. Since then, the number of Rott dog registrations has decreased but remains high, ranking 17th out of 155 most-raised dog breeds in the world.
Because of the potential risks, this breed is currently banned in many countries around the world, banned from breeding or limited to keeping. Even in his homeland, Germany, the Rott dog breed is restricted to being raised and raised only after very strict censorship procedures for health and character. Many states of Germany and Switzerland even ban captive breeding, breeding and entry of the Rottweiler breed.
Characteristics of purebred Rottweiler dogs
The Rottweiler is one of the large dog breeds, belonging to the masiff (large watchdog) type. An adult Rott dog is usually 55-70cm tall, weighs 35-60kg, and is divided into 2 lines, big and middle, depending on height and weight.
A purebred Rottweiler dog has a very solid, mighty body, well-balanced body. A Rottweiler is considered beautiful and well-proportioned, with both lines, the body length (from the sternum to the rump) is only allowed to exceed the height (from the foot to the shoulder) by 15%.
The head of the Rottweiler is round, the forehead is protruding, the distance between the two ears is large. The muzzle is wide and short, the mouth is wide, with yellow spots on the eyes and upper snout. Rott dog eyes are dark brown, looking a bit “sad”, always showing goodwill and loyalty.
Rott’s back is straight, long, and sturdy. The chest is very wide, wide and deep, the front chest is very muscular. Rottweilers often cut tails at birth as a standard of beauty for this breed. If doing tail clipping, you need to do it very early, when the puppy is less than 1 week old, to reduce pain and health problems later.
Rott dog coat is hard and short but smooth, usually black in color, with a brown tint on the legs and chest. Occasionally, Rott dogs can be found with a reddish-brown color, but this color is very rare. Some individuals (considered albinism) have lighter coat colors, but this is very rare.
The Rottweiler is considered to have a brave, fearless personality and a steel spirit by the Germans. They are a sure breed, very reliable, absolutely loyal under all circumstances. It is for this reason that they are trained by police and military forces in many countries around the world. They also have a protective instinct inherited from their Molossus ancestors, ready to fight fiercely to protect their owners.
With their aggressive appearance, many people are often afraid and shunned by Rott dogs, however, if properly trained and raised in a good environment, Rott dogs are very friendly, affectionate and a companion. reliable behavior. Rott dogs are especially sensitive to hearing, many cases have recorded Rot dogs have the ability to detect and warn, by barking (although this breed is quite rare), before the patient has a seizure before seizure happening.
Rottweiler breed dogs are also very easy to raise, although the rottweiler’s diet is high, it is not picky, eat whatever you say, listens to what you say, very obedient and easy to train. Not stubborn and luxurious like other large dogs like Husky or Alaskan.
They are also very quiet, rarely bark, and do not play dirty, so they do not need to bathe much. Rottweiler dogs also do not need much exercise, every day only need 15-20 minutes, they also do not have a destructive habit if they do not go out for a long time. The short, clean coat requires very little grooming. In general, in addition to having to be trained carefully, raising Rott dogs is quite easy.
3. Belgian Malinois
The Belgian Malinois is a breed of Belgian shepherd dog. They are commonly known as Belgian beers or black-snouted beers. This breed was successfully bred in the 1800s. They are the result of a cross between a German Shepherd and a native Belgian Shepherd.
The Belgian Malinois is a medium-sized dog. They can weigh up to 34 kg and be 66 cm tall when fully grown. The Belgian Malinois’ coat is short, body-hugging, black or fawn. Their bodies are balanced and flexible. Long erect ears, brown eyes, long snout with characteristic black color. This breed has a fairly long lifespan, from 12 to 14 years.
The Belgian Malinois is an intelligent, active dog with the ability to obey orders well. They love to participate in intense activities. Therefore, they need to be exercised and active every day to easily consume energy in the body. The Belgian Malinois should never be chained or confined unless absolutely necessary. Owners of the Belgian Malinois need good control, discipline, and love to acquire this powerful breed.
Thanks to its highly commanding nature, flexibility, powerful mobility, and keen hearing, the Belgian Malinois has become the breed used in the US K-9 canine force. They are trained to check for traces of flammable/explosive substances in places where the President of the United States is going and around the White House. In addition, Belgian Malinois are also trained to participate in rescue operations, search for missing people, track down suspects and participate in forest rangers.
Origin of Belgian Becgie
The Malinois is a breed of shepherd dog that originated in Belgium. The name “Malinois” is derived from Malines, the French name for the city of Mechelen, Belgium. They were first introduced in 1891. By 1901, Vos des Polders – the first Malinois dog to be registered and considered the beginning of the breed.
The Malinois is the easiest to train of the four famous Belgian Shepherds. Includes Belgian Malinois, Belgian Tervuren, Belgian Groenendael and Belgian Laekenois. They are regularly crossed with other breeds to adjust their appearance, coat color, personality and working ability.
In terms of appearance, the Malinois is closest in appearance to the Laekenois Shepherd. Since 1959, except for the AKC, all countries have recognized these 4 breeds as distinct breeds. In contrast, UKC, which is also an American registry, recognizes these four species as being of the same origin. In 1973, these 4 breeds were banned from crossbreeding to preserve their purity.
Before World War I, people bought Belgian Becgie dogs to raise and develop in Europe. The price of the Belgian Becgie at this time is relatively high. During the war, they were used as fighting, messenger, rescue and artillery dogs. After the war, this breed was severely reduced in number. Thanks to rehabilitation efforts, today the Malinois is one of the most popular working dog breeds.
Characteristics of purebred Malinois dog breed
The Malinois has a slim but not too slender body. The parts are proportionately proportional, the pose is strong but still slow. The movement is very agile, and the senses are sharp, making a great impression but not clumsy.
Male dogs are larger than female dogs. The head of the Malinois is of moderate size, with clear, angular lines. The top of the head is relatively flat, the length is equal to the width, but not too big.
The muzzle is long and tapered towards the nose, the length is almost equal to the top of the head. The muzzle and the top of the head are on two parallel lines.
The teeth are like a pair of scissors or even. When buying purebred Belgian Becgie dogs, you will observe almond-shaped, dark brown or golden brown eyes. Eyes not protruding or concave, eye rims black.
Large, erect, and drooping ears on one or both sides are not recognized. Lips black, teeth matching. Excess or missing teeth, and crooked, protruding, or misaligned jaws are all serious errors.
Through these body characteristics, you can build different ways of raising Belgian Becgie dogs. Match the evaluation criteria and ensure these characteristics are not lost or altered as a result of care.
The chest is deep but not too wide, the abdomen is moderately slim, not sagging or sagging. The back is straight, almost parallel to the ground. The four legs are sturdy but not stout. The legs are tall and straight, and the hypotenuse can be removed. Toes naturally closed, toes black, with thick fleshy padding.
The back body is quite compact, the thighs and shins are almost parallel to the shoulders and the front legs. The hind limb should be amputated. The butt is lower towards the tail. The tail is raised when they are active or excited. When resting or moving slowly, the tail hangs naturally. A hook-shaped curved tail, short or truncated tail is considered a fault. The Malinois’ coat is short and hard.
Their thick coat helps them adapt to all weather conditions. The fur on the neck and nape is slightly longer than the rest. The base coat color is golden brown or black gold. The face, muzzle and ears should always be black. White spots on the chest and white toes are acceptable.
Belgian Becgie dog breed personality
The Belgian Becgie is a very intelligent and obedient dog. They are cautious and watchful with strong instincts to protect their owners and territory. Therefore, the price of Belgian Becgie is always high. To train them, the owner must be experienced but not harsh.
The best way to raise a Belgian Becgie is that the owner needs to show confidence and natural management of the animal. There must be clear rules and regulations. The Belgian Becgie from a young age has shown an instinct to protect the territory. So you need to train them to integrate with family and other pets from an early age.
Because of that personality, this breed soon became a great watchdog and watchdog. How to raise a Belgian Becgie in a cage or kennel is completely wrong. This breed needs daily exercise with time to relax, focus, train and socialize. They are a breed full of energy. They can find ways to entertain themselves even when ignored by their owners.
Belgian Becgie has a rather aggressive personality. They desire to dominate other dogs and pets. So it takes an owner who can control them. As long as they are introduced early, they shouldn’t cause any problems. They love to chase and run around. They often run and jump for hours and bite people’s heels.
If you know how to raise Belgian Becgie dogs and train them, aggressive dogs cannot happen. Before you buy a Belgian Becgie, consult experienced people. Only keep this type of dog if you fully understand what the “alpha” position means.
Living conditions of the Belgian Becgie breed
Malinois are extremely confident dogs, they are not afraid to go to a new environment. They are also not overly territorial. Very wary of strangers but extremely friendly with owners. Their instinct is to protect their owners and property.
The Malinois prefers cool climates, but adapts well to other climates. It can live outdoors but prefers to be around people. They are an active breed, quick to respond to commands, courageous, and have good nerves. The price of the Belgian Becgie dog also has many types, depending on the purpose of raising and your breeding environment.
It is suitable for keeping farms and factories. Dogs should be kept in a place with a large garden. If raised in the city, the most suitable way to raise a Belgian Becgie is to take them out for a daily walk and train the puppy to be sociable from a young age, otherwise it is very easy to have dangerous behaviors.
Notes on how to raise a Belgian Becgie dog
When raising puppies under 6 months old, it is necessary to deworm and fully vaccinate the dog. Vaccination schedule for dogs according to the instructions of the veterinarian. Start deworming your dog from 1 month old.
Wash once a month until the dog is 6 months old. Adult dogs need to be dewormed every 3-4 months. The way to raise a Belgian Becgie dog is shared by experienced people who think that regular exercise and exercise from an early age is very necessary.
Start with the easy lessons first. Do not show scolding or harsh words to the puppy. As the dog gets older, increase training and improve lessons according to the owner’s goals.
4. Doberman Pinscher
The Doberman Pinscher, commonly known as the Doberman for short, is a German breed of dog. They were successfully bred by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann (1834 – 1894) in 1890 for the purpose of guard dogs. The appearance of the Doberman Pinscher was very popular at that time because of their unique and powerful appearance.
Thanks to its special appearance and many outstanding characteristics such as intelligence, loyalty, and courage. Doberman Pinscher has become one of the four great national dogs of Germany and is also a very popular dog breed in the world. gender.
The Doberman Pinscher is a large dog breed. Adults can reach a maximum height of 70 cm and weigh up to 45 kg. They have two main coat colors, black and black-yellow. There are rare cases of white coat color but these dogs are usually not healthy.
The Doberman Pinscher has a long tail and drooping ears, but it is customary to cut off the ears and tail from an early age to increase their strength and avoid a broken tail or ear infection later in life. The lifespan of this breed ranges from 11 to 13 years.
Because it was bred for the purpose of being a guard dog, the Doberman Pinscher is aggressive, has a high ability to attack and track opponents, and has a strong instinct to protect its owner and territory. This breed is also extremely loyal, obedient and ready to sacrifice itself to protect its owner. Due to this strong personality, Doberman Pinscher needs serious and professional training.
As a working dog, Doberman Pinscher is often trained for highly offensive jobs such as catching and controlling criminals. In addition, they are also trained for guarding, searching for banned substances, rescuing, and searching for victims.
History of Doberman Pinscher
The Doberman was bred by breeder Louis Dobermann and named after him, also known as the Doberman Pinscher. Although Louis Dobermann was the creator of this breed, it was Otto Goeller who gave the name to the breed. Otto Goeller is also the one who selected and improved the quality of the breed by crossing many different dog breeds to create the breed that we now raise.
Doberman dog characteristics
Most people will immediately think of the attractive black and brown Doberman, but this breed has 4 official coat colors: black, bluish-gray, sepia, and fawn.
A female Doberman can weigh between 32 and 35 kg and be 65 – 70 cm tall, while a larger male weighs 40-45 kg and is 68-72 cm tall. The Doberman is a toned dog with a strong chest. Although the maximum size of the Doberman is quite large, people prefer to keep thin and slim dogs.
The Doberman dog has a strong and elegant body with a large, muscular chest, a straight back, and a tight abdomen. The legs are long and the muscles in the thighs, hips and legs are very developed, so they have the fastest speed in the world. The Doberman has a small head relative to its body, an elongated muzzle, a square mouth, sharp teeth, and extremely strong jaws. They are one of the strongest biting breeds in the dog world.
Doberman dogs are characterized by erect ears, but not all Doberman dogs have naturally erect ears that need to be shaped and braced from an early age. In addition to the erect ears, the bobtail also gives this breed a distinct identity.
In fact, the Doberman dog has a rather long tail, but it is cut from the age of a few days and the tail is the standard of beauty for this breed. The bobtail image brings a stronger, more fierce look to Doberman. Trimming the tail when only a few days old will not cause pain, so it is necessary to choose to buy dogs that have been cut off early.
The Doberman is an aggressive breed, but very intelligent. So, if well trained, they will become a devoted soldier for the family. Doberman learns very quickly, if properly trained they can be safe even for children.
Doberman dogs possess many ideal qualities from good genetics. They are very agile, healthy and do not suffer from genetic diseases. Doberman is therefore easy to raise, reaching large sizes.
Ranked 5th in the list of the most intelligent dogs, Doberman is an extremely wise, courageously excellent housekeeper, ready to attack when in danger. Doberman is extremely loyal, following and protecting only one master.
Dobermans is brave, aggressive, wise, intelligent and easy to train, so he is often trained to serve the tasks of guarding, protecting, and catching criminals.
How to raise a Doberman dog
Doberman dogs are classified as working dogs and working dogs. Dogs have a high need for activity, so they need to be in a spacious place and be roamed every day. Dobermans are not suitable for keeping in confined spaces.
Doberman dogs are physically healthy, less susceptible to diseases, but do not tolerate extreme weather. Dog kennels need to be clean and cool and need to be kept cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
Doberman is a large dog breed, so the demand for dog food is quite high, they need a complete diet. Doberman’s daily food intake is 1.5 kg (about 4% of body weight). The amount of protein-rich foods in each meal accounts for 45% of meat, the rest are vegetables, tubers, fruits, starch, etc.
Doberman needs daily exercise to build muscle and release energy. Doberman dogs often participate in sports such as high jumping, catching discs, catching balls, and running endurance. With an aggressive nature, when taking the dog out for a walk, the owner needs to wear a muzzle for the dog to avoid causing harm. injury to others.
5. Giant Schnauzer
The Giant Schnauzer is a breed of dog that originated in Germany. They are the largest in the Schnauzer family, which consists of three types divided by size: Giant Schnauzer (large Schnauzer), Standard Schnauzer (Standard Schnauzer), and Miniature Schnauzer (small Schnauzer).
This breed was successfully bred around the 17th century with the original purpose of protecting factories and farms. When World War I and II broke out, the Giant Schnauzer was trained for military service and became popular ever since.
An adult Giant Schnauzer can reach a maximum height of 70 cm and a weight of 47 kg. They have two main coat colors, black, and pepper with two alternating black and white coat colors. In addition, this breed has a rather unique appearance feature that they have “beards” and “eyebrows”, and long tufts of hair over the eyes and around the muzzle that make them look very fancy.
In some countries, the Giant Schnauzer will have its ears and tail cut off at an early age to create a beautiful appearance. The lifespan of this breed ranges from 10 to 12 years.
Giant Schnauzer has rather calm personality, they are intelligent, flexible and have a very high sense of territorial defense. When trained professionally, this breed is capable of obeying orders, loyal and very efficient. Giant Schnauzer has a particularly sharp nose, so it is trained for rescue purposes, finding victims, tracking suspects, and tracking traces of drugs in public areas.
History of Giant Schnauzer
Of the three Schnauzer dog breeds, the Standard – standard is the original breed. The Giant Schnauzer was later developed to be a larger version of the Standard – the standard that could drive cattle to the market. To achieve the larger size, the Standard was crossed with larger, fluffy dogs, shaggy sheepdogs and the black Great Dane. It may also have some relationship to the Bouvier des Flandres.
In the early 20th century, the Giant Schnauzer wasn’t used much for herding, but it still found work in butchers, stockpiles, and breweries. The dogs are trained for police work, and that’s the profession they’ve been since, often in Europe rather than the United States.
The Giant Schnauzer was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1930. Today, it ranks 94th among breeds registered by the AKC.
The breed’s history is estimated over several centuries, however, researchers have not been able to fully trace all its segments. But it is known that the ancestors of modern swindlers divorced in the south of Germany, as well as in the lands of Austria and Switzerland. Here they are ordinary rural animals, used for a variety of needs. They were assistants to Alpine herders – guarded, accompanied, and carried cattle. It is said that they were formerly used as herding dogs
The exact origin of these dogs remains shrouded in mystery, and it is not yet clear whether there is a pedigree between ruler and shepherd. It is also not clear which breeds are the ancestors of Giant Schnauzers, but everything points to their close relationship with the Pins. At the end of the 19th century, when breeders began to purposefully breed Giant Schnauzers, representatives of this breed were actually formed.
Description of the Giant Schnauzer breed
The giant Schnauzers have pretty outstanding data. They are strong, courageous, and different in endurance and decisiveness. Due to the innate distrust of others and the speed of movement, representatives of this breed are successfully used as service dogs. They also keep well in nurseries and in apartment conditions.
The dogs have developed well-developed bones and muscles. Elastic skin, tight fit, no folds and no drooping. The downsides include a slight or rough addition and the legs being too high or too low are also unwelcome.
Feathers and colors
The Giant Schnauzer’s body is covered with a double layer of fleece with a dense undercoat and a top layer consisting of stiff, springy hairs. They fit snugly together and curl slightly on the tips. On the back the hair is shorter, it is straighter, but on the limbs it is elongated. The dog has a clear mustache, beard and thick eyebrows.
Care and maintenance of a Giant Schnauzer
The hard coat for representatives of this breed requires regular care. It is recommended to brush it with a stiff, stiff bristle brush. Several times a year, pets need to be trimmed or plucked with dead wool. In this case, the owner has two options – to master this technique and perform it himself or to entrust the event to a specialist.
As for the rest of the care, everything is traditional here – it is necessary to regularly check the auricles and clean them for contamination with a cotton pad, as well as trim the claws as necessary. No matter if the dog lives in an outdoor crate or in an apartment, it needs regular walks.
Often, the owners of a giant schnauzer live in a private house, believing that their pet is enough to walk around the site. Yes, there are rocks where this is really more than enough, but not in the case of a giant schnauzer. They need maximum physical activity, unable to provide a walk along the fence.
Even more, energy is accumulated by a dog, who has spent all day in an apartment, waiting for the owner to return. Of course, she needed to throw it out. If there is no ability or desire to spend 2-3 hours a day walking with your pet, then experts do not recommend starting a dog of this breed.
When buying a giant schnauzer puppy, you should tune in to regular quality care and long runs. With the right approach, the pet will be very grateful and show all its qualities – protection, protection and companionship.
Characteristics of breeding Giant Schnauzers
At the dawn of the breed, dogs were known as Wired Pins, whose breeding led to the appearance of Giant Schnauzers. When there was a steady reinforcement of the quality of the breed, they began to knit the dogs only inside it. Particular attention is paid to the physical and mental state of the dogs used in breeding. Due to such attention from breeders, Giant Schnauzers are distinguished by excellent health and psychological stability.
Sook begins knitting no earlier than the third or fourth heat. This is due to the slower growth of representatives of large varieties. Experts do not recommend reducing the dog earlier, as this will negatively affect not only its health, but also the health status and development of the offspring.
How to train a dog of this breed
To make the pet a perfect companion, and the dog get along well with others, requires mandatory early education, aimed at acquiring the skills of correct behavior. Training and coaching a giant schnauzer is not an easy task, because, despite high intelligence and positive qualities, there are still some nuances.
First of all, it is important to start socializing the pet as soon as possible, literally from the first days of the puppy’s appearance in the house. This will allow taking in his natural protective instincts. A puppy must understand that not everyone who does not belong to his family is an enemy. Also, the tendency to hunt the Giant Schnauzer needs to be corrected. Males tend to show dominance and often try to measure themselves against other large dogs.
It is very important when training to take into account the sensitivities of dogs of this breed. They need to be treated fairly and have zero tolerance for the use of physical influence. On the other hand, education and training can be considerably complex. Owners should be tactful, but not without rigor and perseverance. Naturally, for such an approach, the owner must have some experience or seek help from professionals.
How to raise Giant Schnauzers
Dogs of this breed are not so fastidious about food, among its members are rare individuals with food allergies. But if you still have such a pet, then only a veterinarian can choose a diet, since in most cases it is not complete without a diet. But, even if there is a pet with no health problems and an abundant appetite, we should not forget that the better nutrition, the longer the pet will live and look better.
Giant schnauzers love to eat, they have an excellent metabolism. The nutritional value of the diet depends on the physical and emotional stress the dog receives. The food contains a large amount of protein and fat components, suitable for pets active in service, playing sports, participating in performances, and frequently accompanying their owners during horseback riding or cycling.
Dogs raised in outdoor conditions need to be fattened during the winter. The owner, before the pet enters the house, should decide what he will feed the dog. For their food, you can buy ready-made servings that contain everything you need. Of course, not all experts believe that deeply processed foods are the best choice for feeding animals. But if you don’t have time to cook, it’s best to buy premium and super-premium, high-quality food.
If there is an opportunity to obtain and prepare independently, then feeding with natural products for rizenov is also suitable. Meat and offal should dominate their diet. Additional ingredients are cereals, dairy products, and eggs. Vegetables and some fruits are also helpful for dogs.
Of course, every vet will say you shouldn’t bring pet food from your table. Smoked, seasoned, salted and pickled foods will adversely affect your dog’s health. Also prohibited are sweets, fatty and fried foods. As a delicacy, you can use low-fat cheeses, lightly boiled or heart, dry crackers. In the pet store, you can buy special dog treats from natural veins, dried pig ears, oxtails, and more. They can be used for training.
6. Dutch Shepherd
The Dutch Shepherd is a breed of sheepdog that appeared around the 19th century in the Netherlands. They were used by Dutch farmers to help herd cattle. However, during the agricultural machinery boom in Europe, the breed dwindled to the point of near extinction because farmers no longer needed their support. Thanks to the conservation efforts of the Dutch government in recent years, the breed’s population is gradually recovering. The Dutch Shepherd is considered a rare and precious breed.
The Dutch Shepherd is a medium-sized dog, when grown up they will have a height of about 60 cm and a weight of about 40 kg. They have 3 main coat types: short hair, long hair, thick hair with two tones of black-yellow or black-white. Their body is slim, so they are very flexible, have fast running speed, and large bite force of jaws. The Dutch Shepherd has a fairly long lifespan, about 13 to 15 years.
The Dutch Shepherd is a very intelligent, loyal and alert dog. They are very independent and capable of completing tasks without the supervision of their owners. Dutch Shepherds if well trained will become very useful, especially in protecting and guarding objects or houses.
It is thanks to these outstanding features that the Dutch Shepherd has become a very popular working dog. In their homeland of the Netherlands, they are the main working dog in the military and police forces. In the US, the Dutch Shepherd and the Belgian Malinois are the two core breeds of the K-9 canine force. They are trained for the following jobs: detecting explosives, and banned substances; arresting and attacking criminals, and helping search for victims.
History of Dutch Shepherd
Like most other sheepdogs, Dutch Shepherds were originally developed for their herding skills. They are also sometimes called Dutch herders. They are in demand because of the large volume of farming and livestock rearing
in the Netherlands during the 19th century. Their all-around ability meant that they were also often used as farm guard dogs. Their strength means they can even pull carts.
The breed standard was first recognized in 1898, and then, in 1914, it was updated so that only brindle colors were accepted. This clearly distinguishes them from their German and Belgian shepherd relatives.
In the early 20th century, agriculture became increasingly industrialized and reclamation became common. These modern farming techniques mean that the skills of the Dutch Shepherd are no longer required.
During World War II, breeding was almost halted and many dogs were killed in the fighting. These amazing dogs are almost extinct. Although enthusiasts re-established breeding programs after the war, the Dutch Shepherd is still considered a rare breed to this day. When they are not kept as pets, they are often used by police and military for search and rescue, as well as assistance dogs.
The community of shepherds has provided these pets with many functions, including that of a guardian. They move and demarcate the spaces where sheep and cows move and even maintain order on farms, preventing animals from encroaching on the space of the house or the crops.
The versatility of functions and adaptability of the sheepdog breed it has not diminished its popularity with the reduction of herding work. Because of its amazing versatility and adaptability, It was easy for him to go from a work mascot to a company mascot because in 1898 he set the standards and was accepted. received in the main dog clubs.
Characteristics of Dutch Sheperd
Referring to Dutch Becgie dogs, we must mention their absolute loyalty to their owners. They are always ready to rush into any danger to protect their owners, willing to sacrifice themselves as long as they see their owners safe and happy. Why did the Dutch Shepherd do this? Because for Dutch Becgie, you are always the best owner, deserving of their full protection.
Dutch Becgie is quite intelligent, always obeying all orders of her owner. They are extremely aggressive and wary of strangers and strangers. But extremely friendly, gentle and cute with family members.
The Dutch Shepherd Dog is extremely skillful, agile and flexible. So from the outset, the purpose of the nomads raising them was to graze and protect their flocks of sheep. These intelligent dogs always do a good job as a built-in instinct in their blood.
In terms of personality, Dutch Becgies are hyperactive, mischievous and energetic dogs. Due to the origin of the large mountainous areas, the Dutch Becgie loves to run and jump. They can run and jump all day without getting tired. Therefore, when you intend to raise a Dutch Becgie in your family, you should take the dog out often so that it can run and jump in the most comfortable way. Super Pet recommends that you, if possible, have fun with your dog and be active because this works to increase the affection between the dog and the owner, and is good for the health of both the owner and the pet dog.
Dutch Becgie can withstand all bad weather even the harshest such as ice and snow. Therefore, they are often chosen to do important tasks that require high endurance and undergo strenuous exercise.
The popularity of the Dutch Becgie breed
The Dutch Becgie is not very popular, almost exclusively in the territory of the Netherlands. The number of foreign imports is limited. Mostly because they are rare dogs, the number is quite small and was once in danger of extinction.
It is very difficult for pet dog lovers to own a Dutch Becgie. Partly because of their high price, the other part is because the number of dogs that are fully registered in a year is not much.
The Dutch Becgie and the Belgian Becgie are two breeds with a high degree of similarity. They differ much only in the color of their feathers. However, in contrast to the Dutch Becgie, the Belgian Becgie is quite popular in European and American countries.
Care and nutrition for Dutch Becgie dogs
For small Becgie puppies:
If this is the first time you take care of a baby Becgie, you should ask the dog owner how to take care of the Becgie dog, how the diet is. Becgie puppies are very difficult to raise, requiring you to have experience. In taking care of them, don’t let them eat too full or too hungry, eat strange foods because this will make your dog prone to digestive disorders. Over time, it becomes a complex disease that is difficult to treat.
Small Becgie dog’s food is mainly milk, shredded meat (meat has been ground), liver, lungs, eggs, soft foods that are easy to digest. You should limit feeding them fatty meat, bones, cowhide, pig skin, etc. Because these foods are often difficult to digest, eating too much will affect the baby’s ability to absorb essential nutrients. small dog.
You should feed Becgie into many small meals a day, about 4-5 times: Morning, lunch, afternoon, evening. The amount of food is just enough, cooked well, should not give too much or too little raw and rare food. The time between meals is evenly spaced, the menu must be fixed. For example, drink milk in the morning, eat meat in the afternoon, etc., then repeat the same thing.
If the owner wants to change the menu, it must be practiced gradually, should not change suddenly, which can cause them to have digestive disorders. Note that the volume of food should be increased to match the weight and growth of Becgie. Remember to deworm them once a month/once.
For adult Becgie dogs (6 months and older):
When the threshold of 6 months of age is reached, we can feed the Dutch Becgie a menu of adult dogs. Those are foods rich in protein, protein, iron, milk, etc. to stimulate muscle growth.
You should try to keep the dog’s hygiene clean, the food bowl, the drinking tray needs to be cleaned regularly. Absolutely do not feed the dog rancid food, do not feed a meal in the whole day. Avoid overfeeding or being too hungry.
At this age, you should have them vaccinated against rabies every year, periodically dewormed. You should do it for the safety of you and those around you as well as your pet dog.
If you find Becgie dogs showing signs of not eating, diarrhea, lying in one place, you should take them to the veterinarian immediately. Avoid delay, self-treat at home, which can make their illness worse and make treatment difficult.
7. Labrador Retriever
Labrador Retriever, also known as Lab dog, is an extremely popular dog breed and is loved by many people because of its gentle, friendly appearance. This is a breed of hunting dog whose ancestry is the Greater Newfoundland dog. In the 1800s, the Labrador Retriever was brought to Europe and quickly became a favorite of the upper classes.
They are trained to assist their owners in hunting and retrieving prey. At this time, the hunting movement was very developed and thanks to that, the Labrador Retriever quickly became popular. Currently, they are one of the most raised dog breeds in the US and many other countries.
Labrador Retrievers are medium-sized, they can reach a height of 61 cm and a weight of 34 kg as an adult. This breed has a short coat that hugs the body with three main colors: black, brown, and light yellow. The body of the Labrador Retriever is quite balanced and toned. In addition, because they are hunting dogs, they have very strong jaws. A well-fed Labrador Retriever can live for 12 to 14 years.
Labrador Retriever loves to be around humans. They are always calm, gentle and a reliable friend. The Labrador Retriever is especially fond of children and is the ideal breed for families. They do not need to be active with high intensity like many other breeds, but only need to be given moderate exercise and attention to the diet to avoid obesity. They are also very easy to train because of their high ability to grasp and obey commands. Labrador Retrievers are particularly fond of water and can swim well.
Due to its calm, non-aggressive personality, peaceful appearance, and easy approach, the Labrador Retriever has become the most popular support dog for the blind (also known as guide dog) and disabled people. They are also often used in local police forces as an auxiliary rather than as an offensive force like other breeds. Labrador Retrievers are trained to perform tasks such as: tracing victims, finding objects, sniffing out banned substances or explosives.
Origin of Labrador
The Labrador Retriever is ancestral to the Greater Newfoundland, which originated in Canada. They were originally used for sniffing and hunting prey.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, Lab dogs were very popular with sailors on fishing boats, they could help pull nets on boats, even jumping into cold seawater to draw fish into nets and remove nets. During the 1920s and 1930s, the Lab dog quickly became a popular pet in the United States and is now the most popular dog breed in American homes.
Characteristics of the Labrador dog
With a medium size, well-proportioned body, Lab dog moves flexibly like a hunting dog. Labrador Dogs are distinguished by their short, thick and straight coat that has a water-repellent effect that helps them work better in the water.
They also have a very soft and thick inner coat to keep the body warm and prevent insects. There are 3 popular eyebrows: black, yellow or chocolate color. Lab dogs’ eyes are brown or light brown with black borders. The front leg is straight, the back leg is slightly bent at the knee with muscular thighs. The tail is elongated to form a straight line with the body from head to tail.
Labrador dogs are medium-sized dogs when grown-up will have a height ranging from 52-60cm, and weight from 25-32kg. Specifically:
- Males: Height from 55-60cm, weight from 27-32kg.
- Females: Height from 52-58cm, weight from 25-30kg.
Labrador dog breed is famous for its sweet personality and is friendly with people and other animals, so it will be very suitable as a house pet. As sports dogs, Lab dogs love running, jumping or exercising, especially because they like water and swimming so you can train them to work.
An interesting thing is that Lab dogs love to eat, they are so hungry that they eat human food, If not controlled eating can lead to obesity.
How to raise a healthy Labrador
Diet: Although Labrador dogs are quite easy to eat, you should ensure that the dog food has enough protein, fat, protein, calcium, vitamins and special minerals for them to develop comprehensively in both health and physique.
Remember to feed your dog at the prescribed time and clean utensils. Always keep water available for the dog and change the water 3 times a day. Absolutely do not let them eat rancid food, eat a lot of rice, fatty meat, starch, and fat to avoid digestive disorders.
Note, when your dog is more than 6 months old or older, the diet needs to increase and add a variety of foods such as Meat, eggs, vegetables, and bones. Dogs in the adult stage can chew on bones and eat whole meat to help strengthen teeth.
8. Boxer Dog
The Boxer or Boxer dog is a fighting dog breed that was bred from two ancient German breeds, the Bullenbeiszer and the Barenbeiszer. The name “Boxer” comes from the way they fight with a lot of their front legs, reminiscent of boxers. In addition to being used for competition purposes, Boxer dogs are also used for hunting, herding, or keeping houses. This breed is also very popular and is ranked 8th among the most raised dog breeds in the United States.
The Boxer is also a medium-sized dog. They can usually reach about 63 cm in height and 32 kg in weight as an adult. The Boxer dog has a short, shiny, and body-hugging coat with two main coat colors, brown and striped (a mix of brown and black fur).
Black and white are rare coat colors, dogs with this coat color are often unhealthy and up to 18% are born deaf. The Boxer’s distinguishing feature is the patch of white fur on the chest, many with white hair on all 4 feet. This breed is often cut ears and tails from an early age. Boxer dogs have a lifespan of between 9 and 10 years.
The Boxer is a curious, active, cheerful, and versatile dog. Boxer dogs are great for families because they love children and don’t need too much space to operate. However, it should be noted that this breed is quite stubborn and needs to be trained from an early age.
They also love to bite and hide small objects in the house. Boxer dogs were very popular in the German army during the war, they were used for tasks such as mail delivery, and patrolling on the battlefield. Today, Boxers are trained to serve in border patrol forces in the United States, they are also trained to search for prohibited substances such as drugs or explosives and attack when necessary.
Origin of the Boxer dog
The Boxer was developed as a working dog in Germany in the late nineteenth century. He belongs to the family of bulls, including Bull, Bull Terrier, and Dogue de Bordeaux, just to name a few, so everyone understands the quality of these warriors.
The modern boxer was born in the 1880s, when a man named George Alt, living in Munich, imported a “striped gaur” named Flora from France. Her dog became the foundation of the Boxer breed. It’s unclear whether the breed’s name comes from the breed’s habit of using its front paws in a fight. Police-trained Boxers were among the earliest guide dogs and served in the German army during World War I as messengers and scouts.
The American Kennel Club first registered a Boxer in 1904. But it was not until the 1940s and 1950s that the Boxer became a popular breed. In 1951, a Boxer named Bang Away won Best in Show at Westminster, the third Boxer to do so and at the time. You can see a picture of Bang Away, in Lifeand Esquire, and when he flies to dog shows, he rides in the plane’s cabin, never carrying cargo. Only one other Boxer has won Westminster since Bang Away, Ch. Arriba from Prima Donna, winner of 1971.
Appearance characteristics of the Boxer dog
Here are some basic facts about Boxer dogs:
- Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
- Height: Female: 53–60 cm, male: 57–63 cm
- Weight: Female: 25–29 kg, male: 27–32 kg
- Colors: White, Golden Brown, Veal
Origin: Germany, Munich
In his modern incarnation, Boxer has existed for only about a century, but you can see hints of him in the dogs depicted on old tapestries from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Those large Mastiff-type dogs may have been Boxer ancestors. They were known as Bullenbeissers, a German word for bit bull Buller. Bullenbeissers were used on large estates to bring down large prey, and they were later employed by butchers and herders to keep cattle in line. Sometimes they even enjoy fresh meat, not just dog food.
Their jaws are rather undulating and their muzzles are blunt. They have a broad, deep chest and a relatively short, strong back. Boxer’s ears fold back naturally, but traditionally their ears have been bent to stand upright. Their tails are usually anchored and carried aloft. Their feet are compact and the toes are curved.
The Boxer’s coat is short and sheds moderately, so you only need to use a dog grooming tool occasionally. Some boxers are a rich, fawn color and others are brindle. The Boxer’s face or mask is usually black, but many have white and white face markings on the chest and paws.
Boxer dog personality traits
Boxers are cheerful, happy dogs. They are willing to play with family and friends and are patient and gentle with children. Boxers are also loyal and will respond courageously to anything that threatens their loved ones.
Boxers are extremely smart, but they don’t take their training seriously. For best results, be firm, fair, and consistent with your Boxer. Appropriate rewards such as snacks – chew bones – dog treats will teach him that good things happen when he does what you want him to do and that a Boxer will never be rewarded for disobeying.
Boxers are good at spotting loopholes in the rules and they’ll push to see what they can get away with. And start soon! Your eight-week-old Boxer will be much more teachable and fun than a more stubborn, stubborn, and extremely stubborn eight-month-old. Use gentle treatment, toys – dog trainers, and praise to attract and motivate him.
Boxer dog health care
Boxers are prone to a number of health problems, but Boxer lovers are a dedicated group and are very aggressive in trying to reduce and eliminate genetic diseases in their dogs. The Boxer Foundation of America has donated more money to genetic research than any other breed club in the world.
One of their biggest victories was the recent identification of the gene responsible for arrhythmogenic right-sided cardiomyopathy, also known as Boxer cardiomyopathy, a devastating heart disease that is often fatal. Therefore, to raise this breed, you need to supplement with milk – vitamins – dog medicine for Boxer dogs.
Cardiomyopathy isn’t the only heart problem affecting Boxer. Aortic/artificial stenosis (AS/SAS) is the narrowing of the aortic valve or the area just below the valve, usually due to a ring of fibrous tissue. Although likely genetic, the mode of inheritance is unknown and there is no screening test for AS/SAS. Diagnosis is usually made by a board-certified veterinary cardiologist and affected dogs should not be bred.
Boxers are also at risk for myelofibrosis, a progressive form of neurological dysfunction. There is a genetic screening test for this condition that can be used to determine if the puppy’s parents are clear, carrier, or at risk; a puppy with a clear parent – neither a carrier nor a risk – will also be clear. A puppy from two carrying parents will be at risk, and a puppy with one carrying parent may be at risk. Bone and joint nutrition for dogs should be supplemented in this case.
In addition, boxers are also more susceptible to injury than many other breeds, a condition in which the stomach expands with air. This can become a more serious condition, called gastric torsion, if the stomach twists on its own, cutting off blood flow. Stomach torsion is sudden, and a dog that is fine one minute can die a few hours later.
Watch for symptoms like restlessness and pacing, drooling, pale gums and lip licking, attempts to throw up without bringing anything up, and signs of pain. Gastric volvulus requires immediate veterinary surgery, and most dogs who have experienced bloating once will have bloat again.
That means it’s wise to opt for a method called “stomach decompression,” which will keep the stomach from twisting in the future. This procedure can also be done as a precaution. After surgery, give your Boxer a supplement to prevent digestive upset.
Bloodhound is a breed of a hunting dog with long origins in Belgium, they are also known as Chien de Saint-Hubert. Bloodhounds are bred from many different outstanding hunting dogs, so they have an extremely sharp sense of smell. This breed is often used to track and chase prey. Today, this Bloodhound breed is very popular in the UK and the US.
Bloodhound has a very striking appearance with large, long ears that hang down the sides of the face; thick, wrinkled skin; short hair, close to the body, brown, black, and reddish brown. Bloodhounds is a large-sized dogs, they can grow up to 69 cm and weigh 50 kg when fully grown. This breed has a very short lifespan, between 7 and 9 years. The oldest recorded Bloodhound is 12 years old.
Bloodhounds are calm and gentle, and rarely bark. They do not require much exercise and are suitable for families with limited space. However, this breed is quite stubborn and needs training from an early age.
Bloodhounds are used by police forces, and rangers to track down criminals, missing people, victims, and rare animals. With their calm and persistent nature, they can sniff for hours on end, traversing miles to get the job done. Bloodhounds are also used in investigating murders, identifying suspects, and looking for evidence, so they are also known as Detective Dogs.
Origin of Bloodhound
According to legend, the Bloodhound was created by monks at St Hubert Monastery in Belgium in 1000 AD. Bloodhounds originated in France – the homeland of hunting dogs. Their sense of smell was created by breeding different breeds of hearing hounds. In the late 19th century, they frequently became the canvas for artists such as Edwin Landseer and Briton Riviere.
Bloodhounds were recorded in the United States in the 1800s. They are effective police assistants when tracking criminals and finding missing people. Today, they are considered loyal friends of many families around the world.
Bloodhound Dog Identification
The Bloodhound is a rather large and heavy dog. An adult dog will have a height of 58-69cm and a weight of 33-50kg, sometimes they can reach 80kg. We can identify Bloodhound dogs through the following characteristics:
– Bones: large, their weight is concentrated on the musculoskeletal system
– Body: They have a body that is not as muscular as other species. Instead, the skin is quite loose.
– Face: long, oval and wrinkled. Those wrinkles drooped down their necks and throats.
– Ears: long and wide and hangs down the sides of the face
– Nose: big, wide black color and very good sense of smell. Unlike other hunting dogs, the Bloodhound is usually silent when sniffing.
– Tail: long, pointed and often curved behind.
– Fur: quite hard and close to the body. Their fur is usually black and brown, buff, sepia and other mixed colors.
Bloodhound Dog Personality
One of the characteristics of the Bloodhound dog is intelligence. They have a very good memory and sense of smell. This helps them become an effective assistant, always completing all assigned tasks. In addition, the Bloodhound is also a very loyal dog. They are docile and polite, and generally do not harm humans.
Because of their independent nature, they sometimes become very stubborn. Owners need to train them from a young age. For children, Bloodhound is an extremely friendly friend. However, it is advisable to supervise when letting Bloodhounds play with children because their large bodies, can cause babies to fall.
Bloodhound Dog Care
The Bloodhound is a breed that can adapt to all living conditions. They can live well indoors or outdoors if exercised and exercised daily.
Bloodhounds do not need much care in terms of coats. They just need to be bathed, cleaned their teeth, and removed dirt around wrinkles on the face.
In terms of health, this breed has a lifespan of 7 to 10 years. They can have a few health problems such as dermatomyositis, otitis media, stomach pain, hip dyskinesia, entropion, and eyelid twitching. The best way to care for your Bloodhound dog is to take them to the veterinarian for regular checkups.
10. German Short-Haired Pointer
The German Short-Haired Pointer is a breed of short-haired hunting dog developed in the late 19th century in Germany for hunting purposes. They are very versatile, able to perform well in many types of terrain from forests to lakes. The job of the German Short-Haired Pointer is to assist in tracking, catching, and retrieving small prey. This breed is increasingly popular and is currently in the top 20 most raised dog breeds in the US.
German Short-Haired Pointer has a slim, flexible body. They are medium sized dogs with a maximum height and weight of 64 cm and 32 kg respectively. Their coat is short and coarse, with colors: yellow, brown, white; They often have spots on their fur. The German Short-haired Pointer is usually cut off at an early age. The lifespan of this breed is relatively long, about 12 to 15 years.
The German Short-haired Pointer is an intelligent, energetic, hard-working dog. They are also very loyal and love children. However, the German Short-haired Pointer is not suitable for families who do not have experience with dogs or do not have a lot of space because this breed is quite stubborn and needs a lot of activity.
German Short-haired Pointer is often trained for the purpose of sniffing out mines, explosives, searching for suspects, scouting… Thanks to its compact size, agility, flexibility, German Short-haired Pointer is a breed that is used a lot on the battlefield, especially in the wars in the Middle East of Britain and America in recent times.
German Short-haired Pointers are also not popular in Vietnam, their current price is from 850 to 1,000 USD/head
The Origin of the German Shorthaired Pointer
The German Shorthaired Pointer is also known as the German Shorthair. This is a versatile hunting dog that possesses great strength and intelligence. Currently, this breed in Vietnam is also quite attracted by the intelligence and agility exuded in them.
The German Shorthaired Pointer was originally called the Deutsch Kurzhaar. Their specialty is known by many people as the ability to hunt extremely flexible. In the early 17th century, the Spanish Pointer was crossed with the Hannover Hound to create a breed capable of hunting both mammals and birds.
The Pointer dog breed originated in England and is called the English Pointer. This is the result of crossbreeding between Bloodhound, Greyhound, Newfoundland, Setter and Bulldog breeds, etc. This breed was born around 1650.
Characteristics of the German Shorthaired Pointer
Appearance characteristics of the German Shorthaired Pointer dog are:
– They have short fur, a square body, a short back, a well-proportioned appearance, a large long snout, a black or brown nose, and small almond-shaped eyes that are not too large, located far apart. Two large, high ears often hang down on the cheeks, the long tail is often dropped, not curved up too much.
– This dog also has a short, hard, brown coat or a combination of brown and white, orange, or black and white spots, etc. The gait is very smooth and rhythmic.
– The tail is tied up about 40% of the length. The ponytail is illegal in most European countries.
– They have a smooth coat that is easy to care for and they shed moderately, not excessively.
– The German Shorthaired Pointer has a height of 60-65cm for males and 50-58cm for females
– The German Shorthaired Pointer dog weighs about 25-28kg.
– This short-haired terrier has very strong, webbed feet.
Personality Traits of the German Shorthaired Pointer
The personality characteristics of the German Shorthaired Pointer dog have the following highlights:
The German Shorthaired Pointer is an active, barking animal. They will be very aggressive if they do not release the energy in their body. Very obedient to the owner and extremely wary of strangers.
They will be very aggressive with small pets, so when raising German Shorthair German Pointers, we should train them to live in harmony with smaller animals in the house.
The German Shorthaired Pointer has the nature of a strong, brave, alert and intelligent hunting dog, they always know how to protect their home and loved ones in the family, especially because they are extremely loyal. with its owner. They will attack people who are at risk of harming their owners, so you should be careful when coming into close contact with this breed.
With an independent, calm nature, and ability to observe and assess the situation, they are of the hunting dog breed but are usually not aggressive.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is an intelligent and somewhat stubborn hunting dog, so when training them, we need to be assertive and reward and punish them severely. After being trained, they will always obey and obediently follow our orders.
How to Care for a German Shorthaired Pointer
The ways to take care of the German Pointer short-haired dog require us to have time and patience.
This breed can live outdoors in cool weather that is neither too hot nor too cold. But the best way to raise this breed is that we should keep them in the house to ensure their health.
The German shorthaired Pointer has the ability to adapt to all types of climates but not be in a harsh cold climate because they are built with a coat that is not thick enough to withstand this type of weather.
When raising we should not keep them in the house or in the cage for too long because that will make them become more angry and destructive.
Since this is a hunting dog, their energy is abundant. We should take them out for regular activity to help them release less energy accumulated in the body. Swimming and hunting are the favorite activities of the German Pointer.
With such a short coat, cleaning them once a month is enough, but active dogs who often roll on the ground should bathe regularly to keep them clean. In addition, it is also advisable to carefully examine their feet and ears, as these are the parts that make them susceptible to infection.
Thanks to their personality traits and incredibly intelligent brains, these aforementioned dogs can become excellent police dogs to serve in the army. Top News hopes this article can help you learn more about the top 10 police dog breeds.