Having a nosebleed can make you nervous. Why nosebleed? What should I do if I have a nosebleed? Are there any tips to treat nosebleeds that are safe and easy to apply? Let’s explore how to stop nose bleeding at home in this article!
Nosebleeds, also known as nosebleeds, are so common that about 60% of the population has experienced them at least once in their lives. While it can be scary, nosebleeds are usually nothing to worry about. The reason for nosebleeds is because the inside of the nose has a network of many large and small blood vessels located close to the mucosal surface, so it can be easily damaged. Because of this, nosebleeds include 2 cases:
Anterior nosebleed: This is a common nosebleed that occurs when one of the tiny capillaries located closer to the nostrils ruptures. So the amount of bleeding is not much and is usually nothing to worry about.
Posterior nosebleed: The blood vessels behind are larger, when rupture causes a lot of blood loss, blood can flow back down the throat. You should see a doctor to stop the bleeding if this happens.
Causes of nosebleeds
Children 3 – 10 years old are prone to nosebleeds because of thin and irritated mucous membranes and blood vessels, as well as the habit of picking their noses. In addition, subjects more susceptible to nosebleeds include pregnant women (due to dilation of blood vessels) and the elderly (due to high blood pressure and antithrombotic drugs). Most cases of nosebleeds are caused by causes that are not worrisome, such as:
- Dry air due to weather, air conditioning
- Frequently turning your nose or blowing your nose too hard
- Abuse of nasal sprays for nasal congestion and runny nose.
Also, rarely a nosebleed can be a sign of a more worrisome problem, such as:
- Nose, face, head trauma
- Nasal septum deformity, tumor, nasal polyp
- Blood clotting disorders, blood diseases, leukemia
What to do when a nosebleed?
When you have a nosebleed, you should not panic to avoid increased blood pressure and more blood loss. Therefore, you should calmly perform the following first aid steps for nosebleeds to stop nosebleeds as quickly and neatly as possible:
- Sit up straight, absolutely do not lie or bend over and always keep your head above your heart
- Use your index finger and thumb to hold the sides of the nose firmly for at least 5 minutes and hold for another 10 minutes if the bleeding has not stopped. Breathe through the mouth.
- Tilt your head slightly forward to prevent blood from flowing back down your throat
- After the bleeding stops, do not bow your head, exercise vigorously, or blow your nose or turn your nose for a few days.
To treat nosebleeds, you can use a nasal decongestant spray (such as oxymetazoline) to stimulate the bleeding to stop, but should not be abused because it will make the mucous membranes thinner and more prone to nosebleeds.
If you experience one of the following symptoms:
- Massive blood loss, from 200 ml
- Can’t stop bleeding after 15-20 minutes
- Just been hit hard in the face or head
- Shortness of breath
Then you need to go to the nearest medical facility immediately so that medical staff can handle nosebleeds urgently and properly.
Ways to stop nose bleeding
When you have a nosebleed, you can try the following nosebleed tips that are safe for both adults and children to stop the condition quickly and avoid a recurrence.
To help stop the bleeding quickly, you can place a cold pack or cold towel across your nose. The low temperature stimulates blood vessel constriction, so applying this nosebleed trick will help stop bleeding faster. One thing to note is not to apply ice directly to the skin because it can cause dangerous frostbite.
Nosebleed prevention with physiological saline
Thanks to the concentration in balance with the environment in the body, physiological saline has the ability to safely moisten the mucosa. In addition to the cleansing effect, salt water also helps to reduce irritation, rhinitis, reduce dependence on drugs, thereby limiting the agents that lead to nosebleeds. And therefore, this is also an effective nosebleed treatment that you can apply.
To use as a tip to treat nosebleeds, you can put 2-3 drops of physiological saline in each nostril every day when the weather is dry or when the nasal mucosa is dry and irritated (can be replaced by spray bottle). Also, don’t forget to drink enough water to hydrate your body from the inside.
Tips to treat nosebleeds with heat-clearing foods
Eating heat-clearing foods to treat nosebleeds according to folklore is a scientifically proven trick to treat nosebleeds. Vegetables that have the effect of clearing heat such as lotus root, chives, white radish, gotu kola, melon, black beans bring the effect of stabilizing blood pressure.
In addition, these foods also contain a variety of vitamins and minerals necessary to help strengthen the lining and blood vessels, especially vitamins C and K. You can also easily find these ingredients in many varieties. green leafy vegetables, bean sprouts, bell peppers, lemons, oranges, guava, papaya, kiwi… So, eat a lot of vegetables to prevent nosebleeds.
Other nosebleed treatment tips
Nosebleed what to do? Sniffing a slice of onion or red onion, slowly dabbing apple cider vinegar with a cotton ball into your nose when you have a nosebleed are other safe nosebleed tips that you can try. The hemostatic effect is attributed to the essential oils in onions and shallots, and the mild acidity of apple cider vinegar, which stimulates faster blood clotting in broken blood vessels. However, this nosebleed tip may not work for everyone.
When should I go to the doctor?
After applying the above nosebleed prevention and treatment tips, you should see your doctor if:
- Still having frequent nosebleeds
- Have symptoms of anemia such as fatigue, cold, pale skin, shortness of breath
- Suddenly there are bruises scattered all over the body
- Children under 2 years old have nosebleeds
In case you suspect that the nosebleed is related to the treatment of the disease, the drugs you are using, etc., you need to see a doctor to make the necessary adjustments to handle high bleeding effectively.
Top News hopes you can learn the most basic information about the phenomenon of nosebleeds and tips on how to treat nosebleeds above, you will no longer worry and have the right way to deal with nosebleeds when unfortunately encountering this situation. this.
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