There are many hospital admissions worldwide due to cholera, an infection characterized mainly by vomiting and diarrhea with frequency, leading to severe dehydration and electrolyte loss. Let’s explore 10 ways to prevent Cholera in this article!
What is cholera?
Cholera, also known as cholera or cholera, is an acute intestinal infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio Cholerae. Both children and adults can be infected. Manifestations of cholera are mainly vomiting and diarrhea many times, patients easily lead to severe dehydration and electrolytes, causing severe shock, and cardiovascular collapse. If the patient is not treated promptly, it will lead to death within a few hours.
In addition, there is Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a bacterium in the same group as the bacteria that cause cholera. This bacterium lives in brackish saltwater and causes gastrointestinal disease in humans.
Cholera usually occurs in the summer months (hot-humid climate, many flies, flies, rats, etc., food is easily rancid), especially in areas after floods.
Signs and symptoms of cholera
Common symptoms of a Vibrio infection are:
- Diarrhea that is persistent, initially loose, then watery, often described as “rice water” and may have a fishy odor (sometimes bloody diarrhea).
- Abdominal pain, fullness
- Nausea, vomiting, first vomiting food, then vomiting light yellow liquid
- The person is tired, showing dehydration – electrolytes, sunken eyes, cold hands and feet
These cholera symptoms occur within the first 24 hours after eating contaminated food. Typically, symptoms are mild, moderate to severe, and last about 3 days (between 8 hours and 12 days). However, in special cases such as those being treated for cancer, infections may be aggravated by immunosuppression.
The route of transmission of cholera
Cholera is transmitted by the gastrointestinal tract, specifically the fecal-oral route through water contaminated with human or animal feces and through food contaminated with pathogens during processing or storage. by dirty water, dirty hands, dirty processing equipment, and flies flies infected with cholera bacteria spread pathogens.
In addition, Vibrio bacteria cause wound infections when an infected person’s open wound is exposed to seawater. Vibrio bacteria do not usually spread from person to person, but in cases of poor personal hygiene, it can be spread from person to person.
Factors that increase the risk of cholera
There are many risk factors for Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection, such as:
- Eating raw or undercooked seafood or unsanitary contaminated food: street food, unsanitary processed food stalls
- Have a pre-existing chronic illness
- Patients live with low-educated people, have backward customs and practices, lack clean water sources, and do not use hygienic latrines.
- Patients living in areas affected by natural disasters, floods, earthquakes, and prolonged droughts
10 Ways to prevent Cholera
Cholera is a disease that can be cured, but if not detected in time, it can lead to unpredictable consequences and spread to the community.
Proactive prevention of cholera is the best way to avoid cases. To prevent cholera effectively take the following measures:
1. Wash hands with soap before eating and after using the toilet.
2. In each household, there must be a hygienic latrine, and not be allowed to defecate indiscriminately. For the family of a patient with acute diarrhea, it is necessary to sprinkle lime powder or Chloramine B after each diarrhea patient has a bowel movement.
3. The patient’s feces and waste after going must be poured into the latrine, lime powder, and Chloramine B into the latrine to disinfect.
4. In epidemic areas, people should be restricted from entering and leaving
5. Foods should be cooked and boiled. Limit eating raw vegetables.
6. Do not eat foods easily contaminated with bacteria, especially raw shrimp paste, fresh seafood, fish salad, blood pudding, spring rolls
7. Drinking and domestic water sources must be kept clean. All drinking water, washing vegetables and fruits must be disinfected with Chloramine B chemical.
8. Prohibit dumping waste, washing water, and washing utensils of sick people, dead animals, and garbage into ponds, lakes, rivers, and wells, polluting the water environment.
9. When detecting someone with acute diarrhea, they must immediately notify the nearest medical facility for timely examination and treatment.
10. Propagating and providing knowledge about cholera and diarrhea to the community so that people can prevent themselves and protect their health of themselves and their families.
Preventing cholera as soon as possible since this disease is unpleasant and can spread to another person, make sure you follow the instruction above to get rid of this illness.
Top News hopes this article provides you with helpful information and wishes your health is always in the best condition.
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